Agnieszka Gniadek, Izabela Chmiel and Maciej Górkiewicz
This study aims at demonstrating the usefulness of the Pareto in- clusive criterion methodology for comparative analyses of fungi toxicity. The toxicity of fungi is usually measured using a scale of several ranks. In practice, the ranks of toxicity are routinely grouped into only four conventional classes of toxicity: from a class of no toxicity, low toxicity, and moderate toxicity, to a class of high toxicity. The illustrative material included the N = 61 fungi samples obtained from three species: A. ochraceus, A. niger and A. flavus. In accordance with the Pareto approach, four partial criterions of the worst toxi- city were defined, a single criterion used for each conventional class of toxicity. Finally, the odds ratios (OR) were calculated separately for each partial cri- terion, and the significance of the hypotheses OR = 1 was estimated. It was stated that A. ochraceus fungi are distinctly more toxic than the two remaining ones with respect to the all considered four partial criterions, with significance equal to p = 0.04, p = 0.04, p = 0.007 and p = 0.005, respectively. Thus, the suggested method illustrated its utility in the case under study.
Introduction. The adolescence period is a special stage in the development of every human being. During puberty, significant changes occur in the somatic, psychological and spiritual spheres. The main feature of adolescence is intensified emotionality. During this period there are significant changes in the range of body growth; very often the appearance of idiopathic scoliosis is observed. In the majority of cases, this disorder concerns adolescent girls. The etiology of idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. Treatment of severe scoliosis is complicated and involves high risk. One of the methods of surgical treatment of scoliosis with a severe primary curve is a two-stage surgery. The first stage consists of anterior release with halo - femoral traction. This kind of treatment is a very difficult period of time for patient, both in somatic and psychological terms. Negative emotional states can generate or increase the existing pain, what creates a vicious cause and effect circle. Aim. Diagnose emotional problems of adolescents treated with the halo - femoral traction. Conclusions. Emotional problems of surgically treated patients are often marginalized, although the emotional state influences the assessment of satisfaction with the treatment effects. The period of treatment with the halo - femoral traction is one of the most difficult stages of treatment for a young patient also in terms of emotions. Empathy, support and understanding are essential to successfully engage the patient in cooperation with a multidisciplinary therapeutic team and to minimize the negative emotional effects of traum.
Julia Nawrot, Magdalena Humaj-Grysztar, Agnieszka Gniadek, Dorota Matuszyk and Renata Biernat
Aim. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life of women with pelvic organ prolapse during the postmenopausal period.
Material and methodology. The study group consisted of 45 patients of the Department of Gynecology and Oncology at the University Hospital in Cracow The study was conducted as a diagnostic survey using the following survey techniques: author's questionnaire and the Short Form of Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36v2).
Results. The results showed that the respondents rated their quality of life as lower than the norm set by the authors of the SF-36v2 questionnaire. A statistically significant (p<0.05) correlation between the age of the subjects and the quality of life was found.
Conclusions. The quality of life of the women with the pelvic organ prolapse was low. The reason of the subjective assessment of quality of life was age. The most common symptom associated with pelvic organ prolapse was feeling the urge to urinate.