Introduction. Professional aspirations appear to be the key factor, which motivates individual to take actions as well as to further self-development. According to medical professions, professional aspirations seem to be crucial because they motivate nurses and midwives to continuing education – what is believed to be the fundament of vocational professionalism.
Aim. The aim of the research was to show the professional aspirations of the graduates of bachelor degree in nursing and midwifery.
Material and methods. The research was conducted with the diagnostic survey based on the questionnaire composed by the authors, within a period from April to June 2017. The research consisted of 158 graduates of bachelor studies.
Results. The majority (89.2%) of the graduates of bachelor studies in nursing and midwifery is planning to improve their professional qualifications. Their main motives are: the desire for being a professional (69.6%), the desire for professional development (52.5%) and the desire for financial situation improvement (47.5%). The MSc studies are most frequently chosen as a way for professional qualifications improvement.
Conclusions. The graduates of the Faculty of Health Sciences express the desire for further professional development. The aspirations, which the examined graduates of bachelor studies in nursing and midwifery are led by, may have a positive impact on their carriers through the strengthening the appropriate moral attitudes, professional development and the sense of professional autonomy.
Michał Machul, Agnieszka Chrzan-Rodak, Monika Bieniak, Jadwiga Bąk, Justyna Chałdaś-Majdańska and Beata Dobrowolska
Introduction. Nursing is a profession of public trust with a fairly high position in various rankings examining the prestige of professions.
Aim. Analysis of published research results on the image of nurses and nursing in Poland in the media and in the opinion of various social groups.
Material and methods. A systematic review of Polish scientific literature from the years 2010-2017 was undertaken. A multi-stage search process was carried out in accordance with the adopted inclusion criteria, and then articles identified and accepted were subjected to a qualitative analysis.
Results. Searching the Google Scholar database by accepted key words resulted in 10,663 records. After analyzing the titles and abstracts of these papers, 19 articles were subjected to further analysis. As a result of searching journals included in the Arianta database according to established key words, 10 articles were identified, 8 of which were qualified for further analysis. After removing duplicates, 17 articles were approved for the final analysis. Qualitative analysis of the research results published in these papers allowed to distinguish the following categories: an image of nurses and nursing in various social groups, elements of nurses’ image in the media and society, actions aiming at improving the image of nurses and nursing in Poland, changes in the image of nurses and nursing in Poland over the years and the direction of these changes.
Conclusions. The issue of an image of nurses and nursing in the media and in the society has been a frequent subject of research of nurses in Poland in the recent years. These studies concern primarily opinions on the image of nurses and nursing, factors which determine the image of nurses and nursing in Poland, constitutive elements of the image, the possibility of improving the image and people/ institutions responsible for it.
Agnieszka Chrzan-Rodak, Barbara Ślusarska, Grzegorz Nowicki, Marlena Ogórek, Danuta Zarzycka, Barbara Niedorys and Ewelina Dziedzic
Introduction. Social competence is a soft skill that allows, among other things, for better communication with the patient, establishing and maintaining a therapeutic relationship and motivation of the patient. Social competence is a guarantee of care quality and a high level of satisfaction of the patient and his or her family, when it comes to the care provided. Social competence also has a positive impact on nurses, because it is a factor protecting them from burning out, and facilitating cooperation in the therapeutic team.
Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the level of social competence of professionally active nurses as well as to determine relationship between social competence and selected socio-demographic and work-related factors.
Material and methods. The present study included 291 nurses from the economically active population, aged from 23 to 63 years. Diagnostic survey and Social Competence Questionnaire by Anna Matczak (SCQ) were used in this study.
Results. As many as 37.8% of participating nurses demonstrated high levels of social competence (7th-10th sten) in intimate situations. Average levels (5th-6th sten) were characteristic for 40.5% of respondents in social exposure situations. When it comes to social competence in situations requiring assertiveness they were typically at average level (5th-6th sten) with 39.9% of nurses fitting this score. The overall result for social competence of nurses was low (36.1% of respondents) and average (34.4%). Place of residents and the postgraduate education were among the socio-demographic factors that determined significantly higher levels of social competence among nurses.
Conclusions. Nurses represent low and average levels of social competence. There is a further need for research on social competence among nurses and implementation of training programs that will help them develop higher levels social skills.
Introduction. On 20-26 October 2017, nursing students representing the Medical University of Lublin had a chance to take part in the fifth European Meeting and Conference of Nursing Students in Magdeburg.
Aim. This manuscript is aimed at analyzing the nurses' education system in Germany and presenting the activities of the German Nurses Association (DBfK).
Summary. There are several paths of education for nurses in Germany, academic education is one of the options. Nurses associated in the German Nursing Association (DBfK) strive to increase the interest of nurses in tertiary education, as well as make efforts to create a nursing self-government.