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Agnieszka Bus

Abstract

Assessment of sorption properties and kinetic reaction of phosphorus reactive material to limit diffuse pollution. Polonite® is an effective reactive material (manufactured from opoka rock) for removing phosphorus from aqueous solutions. In conducted experiments, Polonite® of grain size of 2–5 mm was used as a potential reactive material which can be used as a filter fulfillment to reduce phosphorus diffuse pollution from agriculture areas. Kinetic and equilibrium studies (performed as a batch experiment) were carried out as a function of time to evaluate the sorption properties of the material. The obtained results show that Polonite® effectively removes such contamination. All tested concentrations (0.998, 5.213, 10.965 mg P-PO4·L−1) are characterized by a better fit to pseudo-second kinetic order. The Langmuir isotherm the best reflects the mechanism of adsorption process in case of Polonite® and based on the isotherm, calculated maximum adsorption capacity equals 96.58 mg P-PO4·g−1.

Open access

Agnieszka Karczmarczyk and Agnieszka Bus

Abstract

Testing of reactive materials for phosphorus removal from water and wastewater - comparative study. Excess of phosphorus in surface water is a global problem. Phosphorus found in rivers, streams, agricultural ditches and lakes comes from both point and diffuse sources. To keep water bodies in a good ecological status it is necessary to manage it a at local level. One of the possible solutions is to use reactive materials in wastewater treatment plants as well as in case of diffuse sources of pollution to implement it in water bodies transporting pollutants from small catchments. This paper presents results of research made over the period of 6 years (2008-2013) in the Department of Environmental Improvement and Water Center WULS-SGGW. Seventeen different materials available in Poland and in other parts of the world were tested as potential reactive materials for phosphorus. The most effective P-sorption reactive materials are: Polonite®, shell sand, AAC, Pollytag and limestone with the apparent sorption capacities of: 94.32, 48.39, 43.17, 28.95, and 11.12 mg/g respectively.