Objectives: Establishing the frequency of pleurisy from the total number of admissions in the Paediatrics Department, as well as the frequency of pleurisy from the total number of respiratory ailments that required hospitalization; evaluating age group distribution and determining the influence of environmental factors; describing clinical manifestations, laboratory, radiologic, and bacteriological investigations in patients with pleurisy; quantifying clinical manifestations and investigations so as to establish an appropriate therapeutic approach; identifying clinical aspects that indicate a favourable/unfavourable evolution; analyzing the evolution of cases after treatment as revealed by radiologic imaging.
Method: Retrospective study on 47 patients diagnosed with pleurisy and admitted in the Paediatrics Department of Constanta Clinical Emergency Hospital, over a span of 3 years (2011-2013), based on data collected from observation sheets.
Results: A downward trend in what regards the frequency of pleurisy can be observed from 2011 to 2013. Rural provenience and other environmental factors continue to play an important role. Clinical manifestations tend to be more significant for younger patients and they are directly related to the specific pathogen identified during laboratory investigations.
Conclusion: Following an early diagnosis and a subsequent adequate treatment, evolution tends to be favourable in most cases, although certain post-hospitalization measures still need to be implemented in order to ensure full recovery and restitution ad integrum.