The Use of Double Independent Free Flaps for Tissue Reconstruction After Extensive Head and Neck Tumors Resection
Malignant tumors of head and neck regions usually need wide radical resections and may cause significant functional and aesthetic deficits. When a surgeon has to deal with extensive 3-D defect in lower or middle face region, double or multiple free flaps can be used.
The aim of the study was to present own methods modifications and results of double free flaps techniques in patients with extensive defects of head and neck region. The authors present quality of life evaluation related to different flaps reconstructions.
Material and methods. Clinical material consists of 33 patients with locally advanced cancer of lower or middle face region, who underwent surgical treatment in Departmant of Surgical and Reconstructive Surgery, Cancer Center Maria Skłodowska-Curie Instytute, Gliwice, Poland. In all patients double free flaps were chosen.
Results. Whole group good functional and aesthetic results have been achieved. The QOL analysis show that the use of double flap in middle of lower face reconstruction gives generally very good results.
Conclusions. The use of double free flaps after extensive resections of head and neck tumors is an efficient solution. The above-mentioned technique enables to reconstruct several different anatomical structures, restore optimal functioning, and assure a satisfactory psychosocial effect.