Cross-link method has been used to load nano CeO2, ZnO, and TiO2 on the surface of cotton fabric. Three types of nanocomposite fabrics are prepared (cotton/CeO2, cotton/CeO2/ZnO, and cotton/CeO2/TiO2) and their properties were investigated. Field emission scanning electron microscopic (FESEM) images of the samples showed good distribution of nanomaterial, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) samples proved the usage of amount of nanomaterials. On the other hand, elemental mapping was used to study the distribution of each nanomaterial separately. Antibacterial property of the samples showed excellent results against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Also ultraviolet (UV)-blocking of treated samples showed that all samples have very low transmission when exposed to UV irradiation.
This study discusses the effect of corona pretreatment and subsequent loading of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on self-cleaning and antibacterial properties of cellulosic fabric. The corona-pretreated cellulosic fabrics were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray mapping techniques revealed that layers of the titania deposited on cellulose fibers were more uniform than the sample without pre-corona treatment. The self-cleaning property of treated fabrics was evaluated through discoloring dye stain under sunlight irradiation. The antibacterial activities of the samples against two common pathogenic bacteria including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were also assessed. The results indicated that self-cleaning and antibacterial properties of the corona-pretreated fabrics were superior compared to the sample treated with TiO2 alone. Moreover, using corona pretreatment leads to samples with good washing fastness.
Fabrication of electro-conductive fiber is a novel process. Nanocomposites of multiwall carbon nanotube/polyamide66 were produced by electrospinning with different amounts of multiwall carbon nanotube. Field emission scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of samples proved the existence of multiwall carbon nanotube distribution in polyamide 66 nanofibers. Results showed that electro conductivity of electrospun multiwall carbon nanotube/polyamide 66 nano fiber has increased in comparison with electrospun polyamide 66. Moreover, UV blocking of samples was investigated which has shown that using multiwall carbon nanotube in polyamide 66 increases UV blocking of fibers. Furthermore, anti-bacterial activity of nanocomposite showed that these nanocomposites have antibacterial property against both Staphylococcus Aureus and Escherichia Coli bacteria according to AATCC test method.