Rasha A. Radwan, Nermeen Z. Abuelezz, Sahar M. Abdelraouf, Engy M. Bakeer and Abdullah A. Abd El Rahman
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders around the world. Increasing evidence suggests that neurotransmitter Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS through its central role in the hypothalamus. However, the peripheral role of GABA in PCOS has not been sufficiently investigated in spite of its existence in peripheral organs. First, the aim of this study is to, investigate serum GABA level in Egyptian PCOS patients. Second, to explore the correlation between serum GABA level with Body Mass Index (BMI), dyslipidemia, totaltestosterone and 25 (OH) vitamin D.
Eighty PCOS patients and eighty age-matched healthy females were included in this study. All parameters were assessed colourimetrically or with ELISA.
PCOS patients exhibited significantly decreased serum GABA level compared to controls (p < 0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between serum GABA and 25(OH) vitamin D levels (r = 0.26, p = 0.018), and a significant negative correlation with total testosterone (r = - 0.3, p = 0.02), total cholesterol (TC) (r = - 0.31, p = 0.01) and LDL-Cholesterol (LDL-C) (r = - 0.23, p = 0.045), respectively.
The findings of this study suggest that disrupted GABA level in the peripheral circulation is an additional contributing factor to PCOS manifestations. GABA deficiency was correlated with 25 (OH) vitamin D deficiency, dyslipidemia, and total testosterone. Further investigations for GABA adjustment might provide a promising means for better management of PCOS symptoms.