Rotimi Oladele, Foluso Olugbenga Aribaba, Abdul-Lateef Olamide Ahmodu, Saliu Adeshina Yusuff and Muyiwa Alade
This study assessed the effectiveness of tax enforcement tools as panacea for improving tax compliance and overall tax income in the Ondo State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted using primary data sourced through administration of structured questionnaire on 150 selected respondents from among staff of Federal Inland Revenue Service and State Board of Internal Revenue Service within the state. The Taro Yamane formula and judgment sampling technique were used to arrive at the sampled respondents. Outcome of Ordinary Least Square regression analysis showed regression coefficient and p-value of tax-audit (0.278; p=0.03<0.05) and tax penalty (0.463; p=0.000<0.05) respectively, indicating a positive and significant relationship of the two explanatory variables with tax compliance at .05 level of significance. The Implication is that a marginal increase in tax audit and tax penalty will lead to increase in tax compliance in Ondo State. No meaningful association exists between tax amnesty and tax compliance based on the finding of this study perhaps tax amnesty is a new policy that was just launched to encourage voluntary tax compliance. As such, it is imperative that tax audit and imposition of tax penalties be encouraged and sustained. These are envisaged to further improve the degree of tax compliance, consequently enhancing government tax revenue generation to augment dwindling oil revenue in Nigeria. As regards relatively new and still under watch tax amnesty, it may turn out to be a veritable tool for voluntary compliance in future if properly nursed.
The credit money banks whose obligation is to contribute money-wise to small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) to oblige an essential utensil in decreasing the dismal paucity and enhancing pecuniary change in Nigeria. This paper examines the role deposit money banks’ loan facilities plays in funding SMEs businesses in Nigeria. The study employed the cross-sectional method of survey research. Ten (10) years financial performance index report of SMEs businesses was extracted from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin between the periods of 2008 – 2017 were selected. The index captured dependent and independent variables. Gross domestic product (GDP) is a proxy to SMEs while fund deposit, loan facilities and return on equity were proxies to deposit money banks variable. Data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics and ordinary least square techniques. The study revealed the positive co-efficient value of 17.19434 and 15.84082 for fund deposit and loan facilities variables; and the negative co-efficient value of −3.442694 for the returns on equity variable which affect the growth of SMEs in Nigeria. The recent economic recession experienced in Nigeria also affect SMEs businesses because the return on equity from SMEs was not encouraging. Therefore, financial regulators should adhere to stability and sustainability of fiscal guidelines that will readdress the loan facilities requirements of 65% to SMEs in the nation’s economy. This will aid enhancement of the country’s economy from the deficiency of funds that impedes investment.