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Boulaid Boulkroune, Issam Djemili, Abdel Aitouche and Vincent Cocquempot

Abstract

This paper is concerned with actuator fault detection in nonlinear systems in the presence of disturbances. A nonlinear unknown input observer is designed and the output estimation error is used as a residual for fault detection. To deal with the problem of high Lipschitz constants, a modified mean-value theorem is used to express the nonlinear error dynamics as a convex combination of known matrices with time-varying coefficients. Moreover, the disturbance attenuation is performed using a modified H criterion. A sufficient condition for the existence of an unknown input observer is obtained using a linear matrix inequality formula, and the observer gains are obtained by solving the corresponding set of inequalities. The advantages of the proposed method are that no a priori assumption on the unknown input is required and that it can be applied to a large class of nonlinear systems. Performances of the proposed approach are shown through the application to a diesel engine model.

Open access

Naziha Harrabi, Maher Kharrat, Abdel Aitouche and Mansour Souissi

Abstract

Two techniques for the control of a grid side converter in a wind energy conversion system. The system is composed of a fixed pitch angle wind turbine followed by a permanent magnet synchronous generator and power electronic converters AC-DC-AC. The main interest is in how to control the inverter in order to ensure the stability of the DC link voltage. Two control methods based on the fuzzy approach are applied and compared. First, a direct Mamdani fuzzy logic controller is presented. Then, a T-S fuzzy controller is elaborated based on a T-S fuzzy model. The Lyapunov theorem and H-infinity performance are exploited for stability analysis. Besides, the feedback controller gains are determined using linear matrix inequality tools. Simulation results are derived in order to prove the robustness of the proposed control algorithms and to compare their performances.

Open access

Shanzhi Li, Haoping Wang, Abdel Aitouche, Yang Tian and Nicolai Christov

Abstract

This paper proposes a fault tolerant control scheme based on an unknown input observer for a wind turbine system subject to an actuator fault and disturbance. Firstly, an unknown input observer for state estimation and fault detection using a linear parameter varying model is developed. By solving linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) and linear matrix equalities (LMEs), the gains of the unknown input observer are obtained. The convergence of the unknown input observer is also analysed with Lyapunov theory. Secondly, using fault estimation, an active fault tolerant controller is applied to a wind turbine system. Finally, a simulation of a wind turbine benchmark with an actuator fault is tested for the proposed method. The simulation results indicate that the proposed FTC scheme is efficient.

Open access

Olena Kuzmych, Abdel Aitouche, Ahmed El Hajjaji and Jerome Bosche

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a control Lyapunov function based on a nonlinear controller for a turbocharged diesel engine. A model-based approach is used which predicts the experimentally observed engine performance for a biodiesel. The basic idea is to develop an inverse optimal control and to employ a Lyapunov function in order to achieve good performances. The obtained controller gain guarantees the global convergence of the system and regulates the flows for the variable geometry turbocharger as well as exhaust gas recirculation systems in order to minimize the NOx emission and the smoke of a biodiesel engine. Simulation of the control performances based on professional software and experimental results show the effectiveness of this approach.