Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 8 of 8 items for

  • Author: A. Winiowski x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

A. Winiowski

Mechanical and Structural Properties of Joints of Stainless Steel and Titanium Brazed with Silver Filler Metals Containing Tin

Joining of titanium and its alloys with stainless steel by means of welding methods and obtaining joints characterised by good operation properties constitutes today a significant problem in relation to research and technology. Apart from specialised welding technologies, brazing is one of the basic methods applied for joining these having diversified physical and chemical properties material combinations. Brazing is especially recommendable in the production of systems and heat exchangers for chemical industry as well as subassemblies of nuclear reactors and aircraft engines and accessories. Similarly as in case of welded joints of stainless steel and titanium, the mechanical properties of brazed joints of the aforesaid materials are connected with the occurrence of hard and brittle intermetallic phases appearing in the form of continuous layers on braze boundaries.

This work reports testing of strength properties and investigation of structures of vacuum-brazed joints of stainless chromium-nickel steel (X6CrNiTi18-10) and titanium (Grade 2) at 820÷900°C for 5÷20 min by means of silver brazing filler metals with tin grade B-Ag68CuSn-730/755 (Ag68Cu28Sn4) i B-Ag65CuSnNi-740/767 (Ag65Cu28Sn5Ni2). These filler metals assure better wettability of stainless steel hard to wettable in vacuum brazing.

The structural tests were conducted taking advantage of optical microscopy; by means of a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy-dispersion spectrometer (EDS).

The test results allowed to specify the most convenient brazing parameters of the tested material system from the mechanical properties point of view and to determine of qualitative and geometrical changes in joint structures depending on temperature and brazing times.

Open access

A. Winiowski and M. Rózanski

Abstract

The research involved vacuum tests of brazing properties of silver filler metals, containing tin as well as tin and nickel, and used in brazing of chromium X6Cr17 and chromium-nickel X6CrNiTi18-10 stainless steels. The research also involved testing the strength and structural properties of brazed joints made of these steels. The tests were conducted on filler metals (silver brazing alloys) B-Ag68CuSn-730/755 (Ag68Cu28Sn4) and B-Ag65CuSnNi-740/767 (Ag65Cu28Sn5Ni2) and also, for comparative purposes, on the filler metal B-Ag72Cu-780 (Ag 272 according to PN-EN ISO 17672), most commonly applied in the vacuum brazing of high alloyed stainless steels. The brazing properties of the filler metals were tested by determining their wettability by means of the spreadability method. The strength of brazed joints made of the stainless steels was examined in a shear test. Research-related structural tests involved light and electron microscopy with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The comparative analysis of the properties of the filler metals revealed the positive impact of tin and nickel on the spreadability and wettability of the silver brazing alloys as well as on the quality and the shear strength of brazed joints.

Open access

A. Winiowski and M. Rózanski

Abstract

Alloys based on the Fe3Al intermetallic phase belong to a new generation of metallic materials intended for operation at higher temperatures and having properties something between those of metals and ceramic materials. They are characterised by relatively high oxidation resistance, high corrosion resistance, high-temperature creep resistance, high electrical resistivity, high abrasion resistance as well as resistance to erosion and cavitation. Although the material costs of these alloys are relatively low, they belong to materials which are very difficult to join by means of welding methods. For this reason, joining such materials remains an important and current research and technological problem. One of the methods used for joining such materials is brazing. This work shows the results of technological tests concerned with vacuum brazing an alloy based on the Fe3Al (Fe86Al14) phase using silver (Ag72Cu28) and copper-nickel (Cu90Ni10, Cu95Ni5) filler metals as well as presents the results of tests on the mechanical and structural properties of obtained joints.

Open access

A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

Impact of Chemical Composition of Brazing Fluxes on Quality and Mechanical Properties of Titanium Brazed Joints

Titanium and its alloys are increasingly popular specialist structural materials used in modern technologies. In terms of operational properties, titanium is significantly better than other commonly applied structural materials.

A crucial welding-related issue of today is durable joining of elements made of titanium and its alloys. One of the most popular and recommended joining methods, particularly in case of thin-walled elements of complicated geometry is brazing. Due to high reactivity of titanium, it should be brazed in vacuum or very pure, chemically neutral, controlled atmospheres. Brazing of titanium in air atmosphere (flame or induction brazing) requires highly active, fluoride, specialist brazing fluxes.

Institute of Welding in Gliwice has conducted recipe- and technology-related research on brazing fluxes, which resulted in the development of a new flux characterised by high durability and good brazing properties. The article presents the outcome of the research, including the determination of the impact of the basic chemical components on the brazing properties of fluxes, preparation of recipes of fluxes and assessment of their brazing properties as well as the evaluation of quality and shear strength of brazed joints made with such fluxes.

Open access

W. Gąsior and A. Winiowski

The analysis of the influence of lithium on wetting properties of Ag-Cu brazing alloys and the shear strength of stainless steel/braze/stainless steel joint was conducted. The brazing alloys of designations and composition according to ANSI/AWS A5.8: BAg-8a (71÷3 wt.% Ag, 0.25÷0.50 wt.% Li, Cu) and BAg-19 (92÷93 wt.% Ag, 0.15÷0.30 wt.% Li, Cu) and a braze alloy containing 70÷72 wt.% Ag, 0.6÷0.7 wt.% Li and Cu were subjected to the investigations. The wettability properties of the brazing silver alloys were examined in a spread test. The shear strength of joints were measured on the joints of stainless steel in the tensile test. The comparison of results showed a beneficial effect of lithium on the spreading properties and the wettability of braze alloys as well as the quality and shear strength of the brazed joints. The observed slag inclusions in the solid braze did not affect considerably the mechanical properties of the prepared joints because of the intensive deoxidation of the brazing surfaces of stainless steel elements.

Open access

A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

The article presents the course and the results of technological tests related to TIG-based arc braze welding of titanium and AW-5754 (AlMg3) aluminium alloy. The tests involved the use of an aluminium filler metal (Al99.5) and two filler metals based on Al-Si alloys (AlSi5 and AlSi12). Braze welded joints underwent tensile tests, metallographic examinations using a light microscope as well as structural examinations involving the use of a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The highest strength and quality of welds was obtained when the Al99.5 filler metal was used in a braze welding process. The tests enabled the development of the most convenient braze welding conditions and parameters.

Open access

A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

Abstract

This study presents results of vacuum diffusion brazing of Grade 2 titanium with 6082 (AlMg1Si0.6Cu0.3) aluminium alloy using B-Ag72Cu-780 (Ag72Cu28) grade silver brazing metal as an interlayer. Brazed joints underwent shear tests, light-microscopy-based metallographic examinations and structural examinations using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The highest quality and shear strength of 20 MPa was characteristic of joints brazed at 530°C with a 30-minute hold. The structural examinations revealed that in diffusion zone near the boundary with titanium the braze contained solid solutions based on hard and brittle Ti-Al type intermetallic phases determining the strength of the joints.

Open access

T. Pfeifer, A. Winiowski and J. Pikuła

Abstract

The article presents the course and results of tests aimed to determine the effect of shielding gas on the shape of a weldbraze and on the structure of weldbrazed joints made of thin galvanised sheets. Test joints were made using innovative VP GMA weldbrazing utilising variable current and voltage waveforms. The tests involved the use of 3 types of shielding gases and mixtures, i.e. Ar, Ar + 1% O2 and Ar + 18% CO2, and required macro and microscopic metallographic examination of overlay brazes and weldbrazed joints. The tests conducted have revealed that the use of mixtures containing active gases, and CO2 in particular, increases the heat input of a weldbrazing process, improves the wettability of sheets and the geometry of weldbrazes, yet it also favours greater coat damage in the joining area and causes partial melting of workpieces.