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A. Walasek and J. Szajnar

The Mechanism of the Surface Alloy Layer Creation for Cast Steel

The paper presents a detailed description of the process of creation of a surface alloy layer (using high-carbon ferrochromium) on the cast steel casting. The mechanism of the surface alloy layer is based on the known theories [5,6]. The proposed course of formation of the layers has been extended to decarburization stage of steel. The research included proving the presence of carbon-lean zone. The experiment included the analysis of the distribution of elements and microhardness measurement.

Open access

J. Szajnar, C. Baron and A. Walasek

Abstract

The paper presents the results of simulation of alloy layer formation process on the model casting. The first aim of this study was to determine the influence of the location of the heat center on alloy layer’s thickness with the use of computer simulation. The second aim of this study was to predict the thickness of the layer. For changes of technological parameters, the distribution of temperature in the model casting and temperature changes in the characteristic points of the casting were found for established changes of technological parameters. Numerical calculations were performed using programs NovaFlow&Solid. The process of obtaining the alloy layer with good quality and proper thickness depends on: pouring temperature, time of premould hold at the temperature above 1300°C. The obtained results of simulation were loaded to authorial program Preforma 1.1 in order to determine the predicted thickness of the alloy casting.

Open access

J. Szajnar, A. Walasek and C. Baron

Abstract

There are presented the results of researches conducted on the steel cast with surface alloy layer in this work. The measurement of the thickness, hardness and abrasion wear resistance was conducted in accordance with norm ASTM G 65-00. The measurement of the corrosion resistance was conducted in accordance with the potentio - dynamical method. It is shown that it is possible to obtain the alloy surface layer of different thickness by control of some factors: pouring temperature Tzal , diameter of grain of FeCrC alloy Zw and the thickness of the cast wall gśo. It is proved that the smaller diameter of ferrochromium grain, the thicker surface alloy layer. It is also said that the higher pouring temperature and thicker the cast wall, the thicker surface alloy layer. What is more - the smaller thickness of the cast wall, the bigger hardness and abrasion wear resistance.