Chromophore Poling in Thin Films of Organic Glasses. 2. Two-Electrode Corona Discharge Setup
In Part 1 of the article we provided description of the corona discharge physics and overview of the methods used for corona poling in thin organic films. Subsequent sections describe comparatively simple technical methods for poling the organic nonlinear optical polymers using a two-electrode (point-to-plate or wire-to-plate) technique. The polarization build-up was studied by the DC positive corona method for poling the nonlinear optical (NLO) polymers. The experimental setup provides the corona discharge current from 0.5 μA up to 3 μA by applying 3 kV - 12 kV voltage to the corona electrode and makes possible selection among the types of corona electrodes (needle, multi-needle, wire, etc.). The results of experimental testing of the poling setup show that at fixed optimal operational parameters of poling - the sample orientation temperature and the discharge current - the corona charging of polymeric materials can successfully be performed applying the two-electrode technique. To study the dynamics of both poling and charge transport processes the three-electrode charging system - a corona triode - should be applied.
Novel Amorphous Red Electroluminescence Material Based on Pyranylidene Indene-1,3-Dione Derivative
The organic light emitting diode (OLED) is a promising device for future technologies, like flat panel displays and novel light sources. So far the OLED structures have mostly been made by thermal evaporation in vacuum. An alternative approach is to use small molecules which form solid state with glassy structure from solutions. Such compounds can be used in the ink-jet printing technologies and result in reducing the OLED prices.
In this paper, we present an original red fluorescent organic compound 2-(2-(4-(bis(2-(trityloxy)ethyl)amino)styryl)-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-ylidene)-1H-indene-1,3(2H)-dione (ZWK1), with the maximum of the photoluminescence spectrum for solid state at 657 nm. The structure of the electroluminescent device was ITO/PEDOT: PSS (40 nm)/ZWK1 (120 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm). The electroluminescence spectra correspond to the CIE coordinates x = 0.65 and y = 0.34 with the maximum at 667 nm. The power and luminance efficiency at the luminance of 100 cd/m2 is 0.43 lm/W and 1.97 cd/A, respectively.