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A. Leitans, J. Lungevics, J. Rudzitis and A. Filipovs

Abstract

The present paper discusses and analyses tribological properties of various coatings that increase surface wear resistance. Four Ti/C-N nanocoatings with different coating deposition settings are analysed. Tribological and metrological tests on the samples are performed: 2D and 3D parameters of the surface roughness are measured with modern profilometer, and friction coefficient is measured with CSM Instruments equipment. Roughness parameters Ra, Sa, Sz, Str, Sds, Vmp, Vmc and friction coefficient at 6N load are determined during the experiment. The examined samples have many pores, which is the main reason for relatively large values of roughness parameter. A slight wear is identified in all four samples as well; its friction coefficient values range from 0,.21 to 0.29. Wear rate values are not calculated for the investigated coatings, as no expressed tribotracks are detected on the coating surface.

Open access

G. Springis, J. Rudzitis, A. Avisane and A. Leitans

Abstract

One of the principal objectives of modern production process is the improvement of quality level; this means also guaranteeing the required service life of different products and increase in their wear resistance. To perform this task, prediction of service life of fitted components is of crucial value, since with the development of production technologies and measuring devices it is possible to determine with ever increasing precision the data to be used also in analytical calculations. Having studied the prediction theories of wear process that have been developed in the course of time and can be classified into definite groups one can state that each of them has shortcomings that might strongly impair the results thus making unnecessary theoretical calculations. The proposed model for wear calculation is based on the application of theories from several branches of science to the description of 3D surface micro-topography, assessing the material’s physical and mechanical characteristics, substantiating the regularities in creation of the material particles separated during the wear process and taking into consideration definite service conditions of fittings.

Open access

J. Lungevics, A. Leitans, J. Rudzitis, N. Bulahs, P. Nazarovs and V. Kovalenko

Abstract

Carbon-copper composite coatings reinforced with titanium were deposited using high power magnetron sputtering technique. Tribological and metrological tests were performed using Taylor Hobson Talysurf Intra 50 measuring equipment and CSM Instruments ball-on-disk type tribometer. Friction coefficient and wear rate were determined at 2N, 4N, 6N loads. It was revealed that friction coefficient decreased at a higher Ti concentration, which was particularly expressed at bigger applied loads. However, wear volume values tended to increase in the beginning, till Ti concentration reached about 11 %, but then decreased, thus providing better nanocoating wear resistance.

Open access

J. Rudzitis, J. Krizbergs, M. Kumermanis, N. Mozga, A. Ancans and A. Leitans

Abstract

Currently, in the production engineering the surface roughness parameters are estimated in three dimensions, however, the equipment for these measurements is rather expensive and not always available. In many cases to buy such equipment is not economically justified. Therefore, the 3D surface roughness parameters are usually determined from the well-known 2D profile ones using the existing 2D equipment. This could be done best using the cross-section (or profile) method, especially in the case of nanoroughness estimation, with calculation of the mean values for the roughness height, spacing, and shape. This method - though mainly meant for irregular rough surfaces - can also be used for other types of rough surfaces. Particular emphasis is here given to the correlation between the surface cross-section (profile) parameters and 3D parameters as well as to the choice of the number of cross-cuttings and their orientation on the surface.