A. Kalendová, E. Halecká, K. Nechvílová and M. Kohl
Mixed oxide-based pigments Mg–Zn–Fe with different particle morphologies were prepared by high-temperature solid phase reactions. The core shell pigments containing ferric oxide and non-isometric particles of layered silicates were also prepared. The pigments were tested in paints, the pigment volume concentrations in the modified alkyd resin based binder being 5%, 10%, and 15%. The paint properties were examined by accelerated corrosion tests and by physico-mechanical tests. The effect of the pigment particle morphology on the surface hardness of the paint films was also studied. The influence of pigment volume concentration on the coating properties, and the optimum concentrations providing the most efficient anticorrosive protection were processed. A higher anticorrosion efficiency was observed for the paints with pigments possessing the lamellar particle shape.
Generally, organic coatings which contain zinc ferrites are able to protect metal substrate, most often low-carbon steel, by inhibition mechanism. Conductive polymers are using a system of conjugated double-bonds to transfer a charge over the chain thereby providing their own electrical conductivity in the organic coatings. The charge from the chain in combination with the iron substrate generates electrons to the formation of passivation products on the surface of paint film. This paper is focused on combination of zinc ferrite with conductive polymer and using of synergic effect of these two components. The organic coatings were formulated from hematite and specularite on pigments concentration line 5, 10, 20 and 25 wt.% for better recognizing of the effectiveness of zinc ferrite component. The content of the conductive polymer was consistently set at 3 wt.% in each organic coating. A solvent-based epoxy-ester resin was used as a binder. The physico-mechanical and corrosion tests were performed for all samples. The corrosion signs were evaluated on the surface of coating and also on the surface of metal substrate. In the end, the efficiency was compared alone zinc ferrite and alone polymers and also their combinations.
Vodivé polymery včetně významného zástupce polyanilinu (PANI) patří v současné době k vysoce zkoumaným látkám v řadě oborů. Díky snadné přípravě, netoxicitě a vysoké stabilitě se zkoumá i jeho využití ve formulaci organických povlaků. Cílem této práce je vyhodnocení vlivu polyanilinových solí na korozní vlastnosti ochranných organických povlaků pomocí zrychlených korozních zkoušek a techniky lineární polarizace (LP). Polyanilinové sole byly připraveny oxidační polymerací v kyselém prostředí, kdy jako dopující kyselina byla použita kyselina fosforečná (H3PO4), kyselina sírová (H2SO4) a kyselina chlorovodíková (HCl). Celkem tedy byly připraveny tři typy polyanilinových solí: PANI-H3PO4, PANI-H2SO4 a PANI-HCl, které byly charakterizovány na základě fyzikálně chemických metod a dále byly použity pro formulaci organických povlaků, při hodnotách objemové koncentrace pigmentu (OKP) = 0,1; 0,5; 1; 2; 3; 5; 10; 15; 20 % a kritické objemové koncentrace pigmentu (KOKP). Výsledky zrychlené korozní zkoušky i metody lineární polarizace ukazují, že typ i objemová koncentrace polyanilinových solí má významný vliv na výsledné korozní vlastnosti organického povlaku. Z výsledků je zřejmé, že především nízké hodnoty OKP jednotlivých polyanilinových solí mají pozitivní dopad na výsledné korozní vlastnosti v porovnání s nepigmentovaným organickým povlakem.
The objective of this work was to examine the properties of molybdate or tungstate based pigments whose surface has been coated with a conductive polymer, viz. either polyaniline phosphate (PANI) or polypyrrole phosphate (PPY), if used as pigments in organic coating materials. The anticorrosion pigments were prepared by high-temperature solid-state synthesis from the respective oxides, carbonates. The composite pigments (pigment/conductive polymer) were dispersed in a solvent-type epoxy-ester resin binder to obtain a series of paints whose anticorrosion properties were assessed by means of corrosion tests in accelerated corrosion test and by the linear polarisation method. Focus was on the anticorrosion properties of the paints depending on the pigment surface treatment, initial pigment composition, and pigment volume concentration (PVC) in the paint. The surface-treated pigment particles were expected to have a favourable effect on the anticorrosion and the mechanical properties of epoxy-ester resin based paints.
This paper is focused on the heteropoly acids as another new possibility of dopant for conducting polymers which can be used as anticorrosive pigments for steel protection. The newly prepared pigments, silicotungstic and phosphotungstic heteropoly acids, were characterized by determination of oil number and density. The value of critical pigment volume concentration was determinated by these values. The pigment volume concentration was 0.5; 1; 3 and 5 % in epoxyester-resin witch was used as a binder. Organic coatings were applicated on steel panels which were tested by mechanical and corrosion tests. The main exam was exposition of testing sample in sulphur dioxide atmosphere. Another important exam was measuring the specific electrical conductivity and determination of corrosion loss. After 1584 hours, the samples were evaluated. Values of anticorrosion efficiency are increased for silicotungstic heteropoly acid pigment. But with long-term exposition, phosphotungstic heteropoly acid pigment has better and higher anticorrosion efficiency than the other sample.
The requirements put on coating materials are more and more stringent mainly in the environmental domain, especially as regards VOC emissions. This is why water-based binders as alternatives to solvent-based binders, to provide paints possessing equally good use properties, are intensively sought. The objective of this work was to assess the anticorrosion and chemical properties of paint films based on new self-cross-linking acrylic latexes. The latexes were synthesized via two--step emulsion polymerisation to obtain a core-shell system. Nanostructural ZnO in an amount of 1.5 wt. % was added to the system during the latex binder synthesis. Paints with an enhanced corrosion resistance and chemical resistance of the films were prepared. The binders prepared were pigmented with anticorrosion pigments and their properties were compared to those of commercial water-based dispersions with either identical or different paint film formation mechanisms. The results gave evidence that if a well-selected pigment is used, the binders can be used to obtain anticorrosion coating materials for metallic substrates.