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  • Author: A. Kłyszewski x
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A. Kłyszewski, J. Żelechowski, A. Frontczak, P. Rutecki, W. Szymanski, Z. Zamkotowicz and M. Nowak


Clad aluminium strips are used in the automotive industry to manufacture parts of heat exchangers. They are characterised by favourable strength properties, good corrosion resistance and susceptibility to plastic deformation, and can undergo surface brazing at a temperature of about 600°C. As a result of studies, the properties of alloys for the production of clad strips have been optimised. Optimising covered the alloy chemical composition and selected parameters such as the metal condition, the mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behaviour, including the methods for corrosion potential equalisation and sacrificial protection. The obtained technological results of the clad aluminium strip production were verified under the industrial conditions of Impexmetal Huta Aluminium Konin S.A. In a laboratory of the Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals (IMN), the clad strips were tested for the pre-assumed functional properties. Mechanical properties were tested, and the structure and corrosion behaviour were characterised. The reactivity of the clad layer was analysed under different technological conditions. The thermal bond produced by these clad layers was tested by simulation of the heat exchanger manufacturing process. As a result of the conducted research it has been found that all the essential characteristics of the clad strips produced under domestic conditions are in no way different from the properties of imported strips, while modification of the alloy chemical composition has contributed to the effective sacrificial protection of heat exchangers made from these strips. Clad aluminium strips are now successfully produced by the domestic aluminium industry. The improvement of materials used for the heat exchangers can contribute to the reduced overall dimensions of these products and increased efficiency, thus leading to energy savings. The results were obtained within the framework of the Task No. ZPB/38/66716/IT2/10 executed as part of the „IniTech” Project.

Open access

B. Płonka, M. Lech-Grega, K. Remsak, P. Korczak and A. Kłyszewski

The object of this study was to develop parameter of the die forging process, such as feedstock temperature and to investigate her impact on the structure and mechanical properties of magnesium alloys in different heat treatment conditions. Tests were carried out on a 2,5MN maximum capacity vertical hydraulic press using forgings of sample (model) shapes. Then, based on the results obtained in previous work, research was carried out to develop for items forged from magnesium alloys the parameters of heat treatment to the T5 and T6 condition in the context of achieving possibly homogeneous and fine-grained structure and, consequently, high mechanical properties.

Open access

S. Rusz, A. Kłyszewski, M. Salajka, O. Hilser, L. Cizek and M. Klos

Device “DRECE - Dual Rolls Equal Channel Extrusion” is used for production of metallic materials with very fine grain size (UFG). During the actual forming process the principle of severe plastic deformation is used. Metallic strip with dimensions 57×2×1000 mm is inserted into the device. During the forming process the main cylinder in synergy with the pressure roller extrude the material through the forming tool without any change of cross section of the strip. In this way a significant refinement of grain is achieved by severe plastic deformation. This method is used for various types of metallic materials, non-ferrous metals and their alloys. The DRECE device is also being verified from the viewpoint of achievement of a UFG structure in a blank of circular cross-section (wire) with diameter of ϕ 8 mm × 1000 mm.

Open access

M. Nowak, M. Lech-Grega, A. Kozik, M. Mitka, M. Gawlik and A. Kłyszewski

Studies of composite nickel coatings electrolytically deposited on aluminium alloys with different content of vanadium were described. Composite coatings were deposited from a Watts bath containing fine-dispersed SiC powder particles in an amount of 20 g/l and organic matters such as saccharin and sodium laurate. The morphology, structure and thickness of the obtained composite coatings were presented. The corrosion resistance of produced coatings was examined by electrochemical method. Basing on the results of studies it was found that coatings obtained with the sole addition of saccharin were characterized by numerous surface defects. The addition of sodium laurate eliminated the occurrence of defects caused by hydrogen evolution and the resulting coatings were continuous with good adhesion to the substrate. The distribution of the ceramic SiC phase in coatings was fairly uniform for all the examined variants of aluminium alloys. SEM examinations did not reveal the phenomenon of the ceramic particles agglomeration.