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A. Jasik

Abstract

The paper presents the results of numerical calculations of temperature and thermal stress distribution in thermal barrier coatings deposited by thermal spraying process on the nickel based superalloy. An assumption was made to apply conventional zirconium oxide modified with yttrium oxide (8YSZ) and apply pyrochlore type material with formula La2Zr2O7. The bond coat was made of NiCoCrAlY. Analysis of the distribution of temperature and stresses in ceramic coatings of different thicknesses was performed in the function of bond-coat thickness and the type of ceramic insulation layer. It was revealed that the thickness of NiCrAlY bond-coat has not significant influence on the stress distribution, but there is relatively strong effect on temperature level. The most important factor influenced on stress distribution in TBC system is related with type and properties of ceramic insulation layer.

Open access

A. Jasik and M. Mroczek

Abstract

The study covers some aspects of the issue of determination of mutual connections between the mechanical and material factors, as well the biological implant adaptation processes. The main objective of the operation was adopted to develop models of cementless hip prosthesis company Fitmore Zimmer, taking into account the heterogeneity of material properties of bone tissue. These models were loaded in particular stages of the human gate and then they were used for the analysis of stress changes. The identification of the relations between the mechanical properties of osseous tissue required the conducting of computer simulations by means of the Finite Element Method (FEM).

Open access

D. Niemiec, G. Moskal and A. Jasik

The article presents the results of research related to the impact of pretreatment plasma sprayed NiCrAlY coating on the kinetics of the oxidation. The analysis covered the shell subjected to thermal spraying. The test were performed at a temperature of 1000ºC and 1100ºC the samples were removed from the furnace after 25, 300, 500, 750 and 1000 hours. The investigations range included analysis of top surface of coatings by XRD characterization oxides formed types and microscopic investigations of coatings morphology.

Open access

A. Jasik, J. Muszalski, J. Gaca, M. Wójcik and K. Pierściński

Ultrashort pulses supported by SESAM absorber

We have developed a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb:KYW laser generating nearly band-width limited pulses as short as 101 fs. At 1.1 W absorbed power and 3% transmission output coupler, the laser delivers 150 mW for pulse duration of 110 fs, what corresponds to an efficiency of 14%. It was achieved using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) grown by molecular beam epitaxy. SESAM contains a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) completed by single quantum well (SQW) playing role of an absorbing layer. The absorbers were crystallized in accordance with the predicted structure parameters under optimised growth conditions. The resonant-like type of structures ensured relatively high enhancement factor due to antireflective properties of SiO2 capping material and a wavelength independence of a group delay dispersion. The optimisation of the growth conditions of both an absorbing layer and DBR structure were widely carried out. Optical reflectance and high resolution X-ray diffraction have been used for characterization and verification of DBR structures. It results in reduction of the nonsaturable absorption in SESAM and self-starting mode-locking of the ultrashort pulses.

Open access

Anna Śmiech, B. Ślaska, W. Łopuszyński, A. Jasik, M. Szczepanik and P. Wilkołek

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify significant relationships between the tumour malignancy grade and dogs’ age, breed, sex, size, and location of mast cell tumours (MCTs). MCTs accounted for 13.27% of all diagnosed canine skin tumours. The highest incidence was recorded among Boxers, Labrador Retrievers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and Golden Retrievers. Statistical analysis revealed significantly higher probability of occurrence of the grade I mast cell tumour in the French Bulldog in the head, neck, torso, and limb regions, the grade-II mast cell tumour in Boxer, Doberman, Dachshund, shepherds, and setters in the scrotal region, and the grade III mast cell tumour in Shar-Pei in the axilla region. In the group of the oldest dogs aged 11-16, there was higher risk of development of MCTs grade II and III. Young dogs (aged 2-3 and 4-6) were found to be more prone to development of MCTs grade I. There was no correlation between MCTs grade and dogs’ sex and size. To the authors’ knowledge this is the first report on statistical relationships between the degree of mast cell tumour malignancy and dogs’ phenotypic traits, age and tumour location. This analysis indicate predilections for development of the particular mast cell tumour malignancy degrees in certain dog breeds, age, and anatomical location

Open access

Anna Kycko, Agnieszka Jasik, Łukasz Bocian, Iwona Otrocka-Domagała, Mateusz Mikiewicz, Anna Śmiech, Wojciech Łopuszyński, Izabella Dolka, Marcin Nowak and Janusz A. Madej

Abstract

Introduction: Apocrine sweat gland carcinomas (ASGCs) are malignant neoplasms of dogs and other animals, rarely reported worldwide. The aim of this study was to summarise the occurrence of this cancer in a population of dogs in Poland between 2009 and 2014 with regards to histological features and body location of the tumours, as well as age, sex and breed of the cancer-affected dogs.

Material and Methods: The study involved 40 canine ASGC cases diagnosed in five national veterinary pathology laboratories. The material was processed according to routine histological methods.

Results: Histological types of the tumours involved simple and complex apocrine carcinoma of cystic/papillary (62.5%), solid (15%), and tubular type (12.5%), as well as apocrine ductal carcinoma (10%). The epidemiological analysis revealed peak incidence of the cancer in dogs between 8 and 14 years of age, with the most commonly affected sites being forelimbs and thorax. The highest number of the cancer cases was diagnosed in mixed breed dogs and German Shepherds; no sex predilection was noted.

Conclusion: To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report recounting the study on canine malignant apocrine sweat gland tumours in Poland providing detailed phenotypical and histological data, which are otherwise rarely described in veterinary literature. This type of cancer appears to be diagnosed more frequently in dogs than in humans. Being an easily accessible material for research, canine ASGCs might serve as a relevant animal model for studies related to pathogenesis of sweat gland tumours.