Modelling of Heat Treatment of Steel Elements with the Movement of Coolant
A mathematical and numerical model of hardening process using the generalized finite difference method for the movement of fluid and heat transport have been proposed in this paper. To solve the Navier-Stokes equation the characteristic based split scheme (CBS) has been used. The solution of the heat transport equation with the convective term has been obtained by a stabilized meshless method. To determine of the phase transformation the macroscopic model built on the basis of CCT diagrams for continuous cooling of medium-carbon steel has been used. The temporary temperature fields, the phase transformation, thermal and structural strains for the heat treated element and the fields of temperature and velocity for the coolant have been determined. The comparative analysis of the results of calculations for the model without taking into account movement of coolant has been carried out. The effect of the notch in the shaft on the cooling rates and fields of the kinetics of the phase transformations has been presented.