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  • Author: Ł. Krawczyk x
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Strenthening of Short Reinforcement Concrete Corbel Using Steel Accessory

Abstract

In the paper experimental investigation results of three elements are presented. Two of them were made of reinforced concrete. The strengthened bracket had the steel accessory mounted to cracked loaded corbel (while it was loaded to half ultimate force of the reference element), the reference one was tested without any accessory. The third corbel was the steel accessory mounted to the concrete column. Full scale corbels were 450 mm deep and 250 mm wide, steel accessory was 320 mm high. The aim of the research was to verify the following thesis: short corbels (shear slenderness ac/h ≈ 0,3) can be strengthened by a steel accessory. Load carrying capacity of strengthened member increased by 40 %. The ultimate force obtained for the steel accessories mounted to concrete column was 66 % of reference value. While testing some observations and measurements (strain of reinforcement and concrete, development of cracking) were made which allowed to describe corbel behaviour under increasing load.

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Experimental Investigation on Punching Behavior of Thick Reinforced Concrete Slabs

Abstract

The results of experimental test of nine thickset reinforced concrete slabs in punching are presented in the this paper. The aim of the tests was verification of the Eurocode EC 2 procedure, by which the ultimate shear stresses vRd,c depend on the slenderness of the slab. Besides of the performed tests results, the analysis of the foreign investigation of the fundaments is also included. The test results, as well as other tests, show the correctness of the function assumed in Eurocode 2, which gives correlation between ultimate stresses vRd,c and shear slenderness.

Open access
Experimental Investigations on Punching Shear of Flat Slabs Made from Lightweight Aggregate Concrete

Abstract

In the paper the results of experimental investigations concerning flat slabs made from reinforced lightweight concrete with sintered fly ash aggregate CERTYD were presented. In the research program 6 models made in a natural scale were included. The main variable parameter was slab longitudinal reinforcement ratio. The aim of investigation was the experimental verification of efficiency of double-headed studs as punching shear reinforcement. In the existing technical approvals such kind of reinforcement was allowed only in normal concrete slabs. It was demonstrated that double-headed studs can be an effective transverse reinforcement of lightweight aggregate concrete slabs. The use of double-headed studs resulted in increase in the ultimate load from 19% to 44%, depending on the slab reinforcement ratio which ranged from 0.5% to 1.2%. The comparative analysis showed that the Eurocode 2 provisions were conservative in relation to the experimental results, which were on average 42% higher than the theoretical ones however with a very low 7% coefficient of variation.

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Digital Image Correlation Systems in the Experimental Investigations: Capabilities and Limitations

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to present the possibilities and limitations of using the Digital Image Correlation systems. In order to assess the measurement inaccuracies the measuring volume 1250 × 1100 mm was analysed using two cameras with sensor resolution 6 megapixels. It was stated very good accuracy of the line segment length change. It causes that observation of crack widths can be considered as precisely. Some practical information concern how determine the compatibility between crack width measured traditionally and by using DIC are given. In the second part of the paper the results of the tests concerning capacity of interface between two concrete casting at the same time were presented. Use of the optical measurement system Aramis enables the analysis of the deformation, determination of failure mode of the tested specimens and limit displacement between edges of the interface.

Open access