Treatment of Vascular Prosthesis Infections — 15 Years of Experience
The aim of the study was to present the results of treatment for vascular prosthesis infections.
Material and methods. From January 1993 until January 2008, 47 patients were treated at Department of General and Vascular Surgery Bródnowski Hospital due to symptomatic, late vascular graft infections. The most common local symptoms were groin abscesses, often with bleeding complications. All patients with diagnosed vascular prosthesis infections were treated operatively.
Results. Fifty-three operations were performed, resulting in the regression of infection symptoms in 17 cases (63%), with 37% of cases leading to amputation. Mortality in the patients examined amounted to 37%; 46.4% of cases displayed recurrent infection. The period of hospital treatment oscillated between 12 to 221 days (av. 74 days).
Conclusions. 1. Aggressive operative treatment of vascular prosthesis infections is burdened by high percentages of recurrence and amputation. 2. Less radical operative treatment techniques yield similar results. 3. A uniform protocol for diagnosed vascular prosthesis infection is currently lacking.