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  • Author: Simona Stolnicu x
  • Clinical Medicine, other x
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Alopecia Areata and Suicide Ideation

Abstract

Alopecia areata represents an autoimmune process against an unidentified autoantigen in the follicle of the hair, which affects all ages, from young children (a few months old) to elderly patients. Alopecia areata has an important impact on the quality of life, leading to a predisposition towards anxiety and depression, especially if the patients are treated with corticoid therapy that heightens the risk for such psychiatric disorders. We present the case of a patient with alopecia areata who was diagnosed at the age of 18 months, and had been followed-up until the age of 27 years.

Open access
Hand-biting Lesions in a Child — a Challenging Diagnosis

Abstract

Background: Self-induced skin lesions, especially in young children, can create confusion within pediatricians, dermatologists, or other medical care providers, leading to different diagnoses, unnecessary investigations, and delaying the correct therapeutic psychiatric evaluation.

Case report: We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who was referred to Dermatology after being hospitalized in the Allergy Department for a chronic allergic contact dermatitis. He had been previously diagnosed with chronic hand dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis, and treated with no favorable outcome. Scaly erythematous plaques were noticed on the dorsal aspects of both hands and on the lateral folds of the fingers. The skin lesions were distributed in a non-symmetrical way. A diagnosis of self-injurious behavior was presumed, and psychiatric evaluation was asked. The child was transferred to the Psychiatry Department, and a diagnosis of schizophrenia was concluded.

Open access
A Case of Papular-purpuric “Gloves and Socks” Syndrome Caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Abstract

We present a case of “gloves and socks” syndrome associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in a 6-year-old child hospitalized for febrile syndrome associated with monomorphic purpuric papular eruption localized on the distal part of extremities, in a “gloves and socks” pattern. Clinical diagnosis was confirmed by positivity of specific IgM against Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Favorable outcome was obtained by administration of oral clarithromycin.

Open access
Finding Romantic Images in Gynecological Pathology: Valentine Heart Shaped Uterus
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70% Trichloroacetic Acid in the Treatment of Facial Sebaceous Hyperplasia

Abstract

The present paper highlights the usefulness of 70% trichloroacetic acid in treating sebaceous hyperplasia in elderly patients. Esthetics are an important issue, and different therapeutic modalities can be used, such as systemic isotretinoin, surgical excision, electrocautery, cryosurgery, topical photodynamic therapy and laser, but all these methods are expansive and invasive procedures that may result in scars, which are more extensive than the original lesions.

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Childhood Perioral Dermatitis — Challenging Treatment

Abstract

Background: Also known as papulopustular dermatitis (chronic form), rosacea-like dermatitis, periorificial dermatitis, or airhostess’ dermatitis, perioral dermatitis is a commonly encountered dermatological disease, especially in adult women and less frequently in children. Its diagnosis and treatment are a challenge especially in small children.

Case report: We present the case of a 2-year-old girl referred to the dermatologist for widespread erythematous papules, vesicles, and pustules on the perioral area, nasolabial folds, and on the outer region of the lower eyelids. Several diagnoses had been established during the previous months: impetigo, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, childhood rosacea, demodecidosis, infantile acne, and variable therapeutic approaches had been tried, with no clinical improvement. Clarithromycin 250 mg/day orally associated with the application of 2% erythromycin solution were successfully used.

Conclusion: This case highlights the importance of the clinical diagnosis of perioral dermatitis in young children, of excluding other diagnoses and worthless treatments, and also the chronic evolution of the disease and its individualized treatment.

Open access
Tinea Incognito — Incorrect Initial Diagnosis. Case Series Presentation with Emphasis on the Mycological Examination

Abstract

Tinea incognito defines a modified clinical aspect of a tinea following an immunosuppressive therapy, mostly with potent topical steroids. Its diagnosis may be delayed by its delusive appearance, especially in small children and young adults. We present a series of 2 cases of Tinea incognito developed at different ages and incorrectly diagnosed initially, where the clinical diagnosis was followed by mycological examination and positive therapeutic test with antifungal medication, helping to avoid unnecessary laboratory investigations and to prevent further complications.

Open access
Atypical Case of Pityriasis Rosea in a Child Following Streptococcal Erythema Nodosum

Abstract

Introduction: Pityriasis rosea (PR) is a widespread skin erythemato-squamous eruption, occurring mostly in young adults.

Case presentation: A 9-year-old patient presented with multiple lesions developed after streptococcal pharyngitis and erythema nodosum diagnosed and treated with penicillin prior to the PR.

Conclusion: This unique case should be considered a coincidence of two consecutive diseases.

Open access
Severity Stratification by Compression Ultrasound Examination in Lipodermatosclerosis and Diabetic Dermopathy Patients: a Report of Three Cases

Abstract

Lipodermatosclerosis and diabetic dermopathy are low-risk skin lesions with many similar clinical features, except for venous abnormalities such as chronic venous insufficiency, but are rarely a reason for referring the patient to vascular ultrasound examination. We present 3 serial cases in which the compression ultrasound examination (CUS) of the venous circulation of the affected limbs was of utmost importance in the severity stratification. Asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was found in the first two cases, while in the third case the CUS excluded any type of vascular involvement, leading to a definite diagnosis of diabetic dermopathy. Lipodermatosclerosis may be associated with asymptomatic DVT due to chronic venous insufficiency, and early referral to CUS positively impacts further patient management.

Open access
Knuckle Pads – Practical Diagnostic Issues

Abstract

Knuckle pads are thickening of the skin over the extensor surface of the proximal interphalangeal joints. Clinical picture, ultrasound imaging, and histopathological examination of the skin biopsy ascertain the diagnosis. In routine practice, two main differential diagnoses are important: knuckle pads vs. pseudo-knuckle pads and idiopathic vs. non-idiopathic forms of knuckle pads.

Open access