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M. Fröhlichová, R. Findorák and J. Legemza

Paper presents the results from the study of the effect of materials with titanium addition on the strength properties of the iron ore sinter.

The sinters with TiO2 addition or without TiO2 addition prepared in laboratory were applied in this research and were compared based on the structural and phase composition. Exploited was the method of the X-ray diffraction and method of elemental EDX analysis applying the electron raster microscope with the energo-dispersion analyser. Confirmed was the relationship between the sinter structure and its strength. Higher strength of the sinter without TiO2 addition is the result of the different phase composition of the compared sinters. In the sinter production considered should be not only the chemical composition of the entry components of the charge and the chemical composition of the final product but also its structural and phase composition.

Open access

M. Fröhlichová, J. Legemza, R. Findorák and A. Mašlejová


This article contains characteristics of selected types of biomass, which can be considered as an alternative fuel in the production of iron ore agglomerate.

Selected types of biomass were evaluated by chemical analysis, X-ray phase analysis and microscopic analysis using the camera on microscope Olympus BX 51. Biomass was characterized according to its structure, chemical composition and chemical composition of ash. The obtained data were confronted with the data for coke breeze and based on the results, conclusions were made about the possible use of selected types of biomass as an alternative fuel in the process of iron ore agglomerate production.

Open access

M. Fröhlichová, D. Ivanišin, A. Mašlejová, R. Findorák and J. Legemza

The work deals with examination of the influence of the ratio between iron ore concentrate and iron ore on quality of produced iron ore sinter. One of the possibilities to increase iron content in sinter is the modification of raw materials ratio, when iron ore materials are added into sintering mixture. If the ratio is in favor of iron ore sinter, iron content in resulting sintering mixture will be lower. If the ratio is in favor of iron ore concentrate and recycled materials, which is more finegrained, a proportion of a fraction under 0.5 mm will increase, charge permeability property will be reduced, sintering band performance will decrease and an occurrence of solid particulate matter in product of sintering process will rise. The sintering mixture permeability can be optimized by increase of fuel content in charge or increase of sinter charge moisture. A change in ratio between concentrate and iron ore has been experimentally studied. An influence of sintering mixture grain size composition, a charge grains shape on quality and phase composition on quality of the produced iron sinter has been studied.