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Open access

Mateusz Kamiński and Michał Nowicki


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the golden standard, considering treatment of cholelithiasis. During the laparoscopic procedure one may often observe damage to the gall-bladder wall, as well as presence of gall-stones in the peritoneal cavity, as compared to classical surgery. These gall-stones may be associated with the occurrence of various complications following surgery. The study presented a rare case of a retroperitoneal abscess, as a consequence of retained gall-stones, in a female patient who was subject to laparoscopic cholecystectomy two years earlier.

Open access

Adam Durczyński, Stanisław Sporny, Dariusz Szymański, Michał Nowicki, Piotr Hogendorf and Janusz Strzelczyk

Clinical Experience in Surgical Treatment of Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET) represent heterogenous group of very rare neoplasms. Nevertheless, these tumors have been increasingly diagnosed recently. Authors present own experience with surgical treatment of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors.

The aim of the study was to analyse retrospectively own material of patients with gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors treated surgically in the Department of General and Transplant Surgery of Medical University in Łódź.

Material and methods. The analysis included all patients with neuroendocrine tumors surgically treated from January 2007 to June 2009 in the Department of General and Transplant Surgery of Medical University in Łódź. The clinical patients data were obtained from medical histories, operative protocols and outcomes of final histopathological examinations. Analyzed data were as follows: age, gender, type and localization of tumor, clinical signs, results of preoperative tests and type of surgical procedure.

Results. Analysis revealed that 17 patients were operated on for gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors between years 2007-2009 in the Department of General and Transplant Surgery. Foregut tumors (5 gastric neuroendocrine tumors and 4 pancreatic insulinomas), midgut tumors (1 neuroendocrine cancer of ascending colon, 3 hepatic neuroendocrine cancers metastases, 2 primary hepatic neuroendocrine cancers, 1 gall bladder neuroendocrine cancer) and hindgut tumors (neuroendocrine cancer of rectum) were diagnosed in nine cases (53%), in seven cases (41%) and in one case (5%), respectively. Wide range of surgeries were performed in the Department, as follows: in 2 cases right hemihepatectomy, in 3 cases extended right hemihepatectomy, in 1 case left hemihepatectomy, in 4 cases pancreatic tumor enucleation, in 2 cases gastric resection, in 3 cases gastrectomy, in 1 case right hemicolectomy and in 1 case anterior resection of the rectum. The vast majority (11/17 patients; 64%) of tumors were poorly-differentiated neuroencorine carcinomas with high grade of histological malignancy. In one case coincidence of insulinoma and nesidioblastosis was confirmed. One patient suffered from signs of neuroglycopenia with loss of consciousness and convulsion preoperatively, incorrectly diagnosed as epilepsy.

Conclusions. Treatment of patients with gastrointestinal tumors is complex process and most commonly require close cooperation of various proffesional clinicians. Since asymptomatic course of disease and late stage of tumor advancement at diagnosis, technically difficult operations are often essential. Thus, surgeon who perform operations of patients with neuroendocrine tumors should be well experienced in carring out extensive surgical procedures.

Open access

Adam Durczyński, Dariusz Szymański, Michał Nowicki, Piotr Hogendorf, Grażyna Poznańska and Janusz Strzelczyk

The aim of the study

Nowadays, increasing attention has been focused on relation between increased D-dimer levels and cancer among patients without detectable thrombosis.

was to measure plasma D-dimer levels in portal and peripheral blood in pancreatic cancer patients with absence of venous thromboembolism.

Material and methods. Fifteen consecutive patients hospitalized in the Department of General and Transplant Surgery of Medical University in Łódź, from January to March 2012 who underwent surgery due to a pancreatic cancer were enrolled. At laparotomy, portal and peripheral blood were sampled concurrently. D-dimer and fibrinogen levels were measured. Moreover, to investigate overall coagulation function prothrombin time (PT), prothrombin index (PI), international normalized ratio (INR), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), TT and APTT index were evaluated.

Results. Peripheral plasma D-dimmer levels above normal range were found in 10/15 patients (66,67%), whereas D-dimer above normal values were confirmed in all portal blood samples. Mean D-dimer values were higher in portal than in peripheral blood (3279.37 vs 824.64, by 297%, p=0,025). These discrepancies were accompanied by normal limits of portal and peripheral levels of fibrinogen and comparable coagulation function indexes.

Conclusion. Our preliminary study showed the close relation between activation of hemostasis, reflected by elevated D-dimers in portal blood and presence of pancreatic cancer. These data suggest that measurement of portal blood D-dimer levels may be a potentially useful technique for screening the pancreatic cancer.