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Open access

Dadji Stéphane Serge Bonny, Xin Li, Zheng Li, Meng Li, Manting Du, Lingling Gao and Dequan Zhang

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the colour stability and lipid oxidation of beef under different packaging methods. The muscles longissimus lumborum were randomly packed in vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging (MAP, 80% O2, 20% CO2). Both packages were aged at 4°C for 7, 14 and 21 days. After each ageing time, samples were displayed in a refrigerator for 2, 4 and 6 days. Colour stability, lipid oxidation and their correlation were determined. Beef under vacuum packaging showed higher a* values on 7, 14, and 21 days of ageing and lower L* values on 14 and 21 days of ageing than beef in MAP (p<0.05). Lower a* values were observed in the samples packed in MAP, then displayed compared to samples packed in vacuum, then displayed after 21 days of ageing time on day 2, 4 and 6 of the display period (p<0.05). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) increased significantly in MAP compared to vacuum during 7, 14, and 21 days of ageing (p<0.05). An increase of TBARS was also observed during display after 14 and 21 days of ageing in samples packed in MAP, then displayed. Furthermore, a significant difference (p<0.05) was observed between samples packed in MAP and vacuum in peroxide value on 14 days of ageing. Lipid oxidation was observed mainly in the samples packed in MAP compared to vacuum, and positively correlated with results on colour stability.

Open access

Lin Wang, Fengna Xue, Wenbang Gao, Jing Shi, Shanshan Sun, Junxiu Liu, Rina Su, Yunhu Xie, Chunxing Hai and Li Xiaojia

Abstract

Protection of the environment by returning farmland to forest and grassland through enclosing areas of land to permit regeneration of native flora is being implemented in the Loess hill region of China. Soil physical properties are important components of ecological systems, as comparisons between cultivated and enclosed areas demonstrate. The results showed: the soil moisture content in the enclosed area was 14.6% and that in the cultivated area was 14%; the soil bulk density and soil porosity were respectively 1.45 g/cm3 and 45.28% in the enclosed areas, and respectively 1.46 g/cm3 and 44.79% in cultivated land. The alteration of soil physical properties was not big between cultivated areas and enclosed areas in the short term.