Although Clustering Algorithm Based on Sparse Feature Vector (CABOSFV) and its related algorithms are efficient for high dimensional sparse data clustering, there exist several imperfections. Such imperfections as subjective parameter designation and order sensibility of clustering process would eventually aggravate the time complexity and quality of the algorithm. This paper proposes a parameter adjustment method of Bidirectional CABOSFV for optimization purpose. By optimizing Parameter Vector (PV) and Parameter Selection Vector (PSV) with the objective function of clustering validity, an improved Bidirectional CABOSFV algorithm using simulated annealing is proposed, which circumvents the requirement of initial parameter determination. The experiments on UCI data sets show that the proposed algorithm, which can perform multi-adjustment clustering, has a higher accurateness than single adjustment clustering, along with a decreased time complexity through iterations.