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Julia Murlewska, Maciej Słodki, Roland Axt-Fliender, Giusseppe Rizzo, Mark Sklansky, Stuart Weiner, Isaac Blickstein and Maria Respondek-Liberska


International Prenatal Cardiology Collaboration Group (IPCCG) links specialists from prenatal cardiology all over the world. In this recommendation we would like to focus on the fetal/prenatal echocardiography official report. So far many recommendations focused mainly on technical aspects of the fetal heart examination.

Open access

Katarzyna Leszczyńska, Krzysztof Preis, Maria Respondek-Liberska, Maciej Słodki, Dennis Wood, Stuart Weiner, Ulli Gembruch, Giusseppe Rizzo, Reuven Achiron, Jay D Pruetz, Mark Sklansky, Bettina Cuneo, Birgit Arabin and Isaac Blickstein


Progress in the fields of fetal cardiology and fetal surgery have been seen not only in singleton pregnancies but also in multiple pregnancies. Proper interpretation of prenatal echocardiography is critical to clinical decision making, family counseling and perinatal management for obstetricians, maternal fetal medicine specialists, neonatologists and pediatric cardiologists. Fetal echocardiography is one of the most challenging and time-consuming prenatal examinations to perform, especially in multiple gestations. Performing just the basic fetal exam in twin gestations may take an hour or more. Thus, it is not practical to perform this exam in all cases of multiple gestations. Therefore our review and recommendations are related to fetal echocardiography in twin gestation.