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  • Author: Gabriela Iancu x
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Maria Rotaru, Gabriela Iancu, Manuela Mihalache, Gabriela Anton and Silviu Morariu

Abstract

Background. Medical research has shown a continuous increase in the incidence of skin cancers, especially among young individuals. One of the ethiopathogenic factors that cause skin carcinogenesis could be the infection with some genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV). Methods. In our study, we have analyzed alpha (α) - HPV positivity and HPV genotypes identified in melanocytic (MSC) and nonmelanocytic skin cancers (NMSC). The results were then compared with results obtained from the control group. The study included 40 cases of MSC and NMSC found in the data base of our hospital, and 40 healthy patients. In all of the cases, we identified the HPV DNA by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the viral genotypes by using α -HPV primers by Linear Array Roche kit. Results. The average α-HPV positivity in tumors was 32.50%, higher than in other studies published to date. The squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) lot had the highest α-HPV positivity (40%), followed by basal cell carcinoma (BCC) (35%) and malignant melanoma (MM) (20%). The comparative analysis between skin cancer-HPV positive (32.50%) and the control group-HPV positive (15%) revealed a positivity of HPV in the tumors group (32.50%) that was higher by a ratio of 2.16. By viral genotyping, we identified high-risk HPV only in BCC and MM (in all α-HPV samples), but not in SCC samples. Conclusions. In our study, α-HPV in NMSC and MSC was positive in 32.50% of the cases; in 46.15% of these, it was possible to identify HPV genotypes. The high-risk HPV genotypes observed in these patients were HPV 16, 35, 58 and 59.

Open access

Roxana Elena Nemescu, Ramona Gabriela Ursu, Carmen Mihaela Dorobăț and Luminița Smaranda Iancu

Abstract

Meningococcal infection requires a fast and accurate diagnostic method in order to correctly initiate the antibiotic therapy. The aim of our study was to assess the efficiency of Real Time PCR -Taq Man using sod C gene / N. meningitidis in comparison with the classical methods for the diagnosis of meningococcal infection - direct microscopy, cultivation, latex agglutination and blood culture. We have detected 24/44 (54.54%) patients with meningococcal infection. In both cases of patients with / without previous antibiotic therapy before admission, the AUC (area under curve) had the highest values for RT PCR in CSF and blood analysis. This sod C RT-PCR assay is a highly sensitive and specific method for detection of Neisseria meningitis and it would be useful to include this method like a multiplex in routine testing of patients with clinical meningococcal infection for other etiological agents also.

Open access

Ana Irina Mereuţă, Aida Corina Bădescu, Olivia Simona Dorneanu, Luminiţa Smaranda Iancu and Cristina Gabriela Tuchiluş

Abstract

Our study investigated the type of acquired metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) produced by carbapenem-resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii from five hospitals in Iasi, Romania and the genetic relatedness of the strains carrying MBL genes. Of 106 carbapenem-resistant strains, 50 were positive for MBL production after screening with Etest MBL. PCR analysis showed that 46 isolates (44 P. aeruginosa and 2 A. baumannii) carried a blaVIM gene. By DNA sequencing we identified two class 1 integrons carrying the blaVIM gene in the P. aeruginosa: IntI1-aacA7-blaVIM-2-qacEΔ1 in 43 strains, and IntI1-aacA7- ΔblaVIM-ΔcmlA1-qacEΔ1 in one strain. In A. baumannii isolates the blaVIM-2 gene was not associated with a class 1 integron. Random amplified polymorphic DNA typing of VIM-2-producing P. aeruginosa strains revealed the presence of a major RAPD type in all five hospitals. Early detection and surveillance of such strains must be accompanied by rigorous infection control measures in order to limit the spread of MBLs in our clinical settings