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The Evaluation of the Initial Skew Rate for Printed Text

In this manuscript the algorithm for identification of the initial skew rate for printed text is presented. Proposed algorithm creates rectangular hull around all text characters. Combining nearby rectangular hulls form objects. After applying mathematical morphology on it, the biggest object is characterized as well as selected. Rectangular hull gravity center forms reference points on these objects used as a base for calculation ieestimation of the initial skew rate. Using the least square method, initial skew rate is calculated. Comparative analysis of the origin and estimated skew rate is presented as well as discussed. Algorithm is examined with a number of printed text examples. Proposed algorithm showed robustness for skewness of printed text in the wide range.

Estimation of the Fundamental Frequency of the Speech Signal Compressed by G.723.1 Algorithm Applying PCC Interpolation

In this paper the results of the estimation of the fundamental frequency of the speech signal modeled by the G.723.1 method are analyzed. The estimation of the fundamental frequency was performed by the Peaking-Peaks algorithm with the implemented Parametric Cubic Convolution (PCC) interpolation. The efficiency of PCC was tested for Keys, Greville and Greville two-parametric kernel. Depending on MSE a window that gives optimal results was chosen.

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This manuscript proposes an extension to the water flow algorithm for text line segmentation. Basic algorithm assumes hypothetical water flows under few specified angles of the document image frame from left to right and vice versa. As a result, unwetted image regions that incorporate text are extracted. These regions are of the major importance for text line segmentation. The extension of the basic algorithm means modification of water flow function that creates the unwetted region. Hence, the linear water flow function used in the basic algorithm is changed with its power function counterpart. Extended method was tested, examined and evaluated under different text samples. Results are encouraging due to improving text line segmentation which is a key process stage.

One Way of Output Voltage Hold Circuit Improvement at Low Resistance Comparator

The article presents a way of improvement the important performances of an electronic low resistance comparator. The practical usage of a realized instrument prototype shows some disadvantages: the time until the result appears at the display is to long (the stationary state establishing sequence should be shorter) because of the negative influence of parasitic voltages. Modification of output voltage hold circuit gives quite convenient instrument response time. The parasitic voltage disturbance is decreased to acceptable value, even though the comparator is modified for multirange measurement. The paper describes some details of a solution and its conformation in practical usage.

The paper presents the algorithm for text line segmentation based on the oriented anisotropic Gaussian kernel. Initially, the document image is split into connected components achieved by bounding boxes. These connected components are cleared from redundant fragments. Furthermore, the binary moments are applied to each of these connected components evaluating local text skewing. According to this information the orientation of the anisotropic Gaussian kernel is set. After the algorithm application the boundary growing areas around connected components are established. These areas are of major importance for the evaluation of text line segmentation. For testing purposes, the algorithm is evaluated under different text samples. Comparative analysis between algorithm with and without orientation based on the anisotropic Gaussian kernel is made. The results show the improvement in the domain of text line segmentation.