The today’s change in climatic conditions results in weather phenomena occurring increasingly more frequent in Poland that can lead to crisis situations. Also the growing number of high or increased risk of serious industrial failure establishments causes greater probability of adverse and harmful effects for the environment and the population. A response to the need for minimization of those and other threats is effective crisis management. This management should be supported by IT solutions. The paper proposes to use a selected artificial intelligent method - expert systems - in the crisis management process. An expert system is a computer program adopting the knowledge and reasoning mechanisms to solve problems that require experience and expertise. The idea of expert systems is to transfer the knowledge held by a domain expert into a knowledge base, which is applied by the reasoning mechanism. The article presents some results from surveys carried out in selected local government entities of the Silesian voivodeship as regards the interest in implementation of artificial intelligence in the discussed field, and proposes an expert system for a particular crisis situation.
Milan Škorupa, Tomáš Čechovič, Martin Kendra and Borut Jereb
Transport is one of the human activities that increases the amount of greenhouse gases in the air. CO2 is the main cause of global warming and contribute for around 80 % of all greenhouse gas emissions. The paper presents CO2 production based on the amount of sold fuel in Slovakia and Slovenia. Based on the obtained data, the calculations about the production of CO2 according to the type of fuel was made. The conducted research has focused on the issue of traffic congestion and to reduce CO2 emissions by 15 % in total by 2030, as Slovakia and Slovenia concluded an agreement with other EU members in 2009. External costs calculation was made with average price of 1 tonne emission credit in 2016 and with presumed average price in 2019. The case study takes into account the consumption of the gasoline and diesel in transport throughout all Slovakia and in Slovenia.
Tomáš Čechovič, Milan Dedík, Martin Kendra, Vladimír Ľupták and Borut Jereb
At present, high traffic intensity level on the roads currently saturates a great demand for individual transportation. Mobility is an important part of everyday activities in cities. The increasing number of passenger and freight vehicles on the widening transport infrastructure raises several problems. The range of use of public passenger transport does satisfy enough the citizens needs and its use is constantly decreasing, especially in the new EU countries. One of the reasons is also the growing sale and production of new passenger cars in the EU, resulting in congestion in the road infrastructure of cities and environmental problems. These issues are dealt with the modern City Logistics concept. The contribution focused on the basic principles of city logistics, the reasons for its development and, in particular, the possibilities of practical use. An example is the city of Trenčín in Slovakia, where a regional rail passenger transport is proposed for city traffic service including Park and Ride system.