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Bogdan-Mircea Mihai, Cristina Mihaela Lăcătuşu, Elena-Daniela Grigorescu and Gina Eosefina Botnariu

Open access

Bogdan Mircea Mihai, Didona Anca Ungureanu, Antoniu Octavian Petriş and Cristina Mihaela Lăcătuşu

Abstract

Background and Aims: Prediabetes, a category of incipient hyperglycemia that includes impaired fasting glycemia (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), has an increasing incidence in the modern world. We searched for differences in anthropometric and metabolic characteristics between subjects with isolated IFG and IFG+IGT. Material

and Methods: In our cross-sectional study, 154 subjects with IFG and IFG+IGT, without any other major pathologies, were analyzed. Anthropometric data, lipid profile, uric acid, insulin resistance indexes, adiponectin, leptin and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio were compared. Results: Only 122 subjects (64 with isolated IFG and 58 with IFG+IGT), without any other identifiable major disease, were included in the final analysis. Most characteristics of the two groups were similar, only minor differences in anthropometric data, biochemical profile and insulin resistance indexes being noted. Insulin resistance indexes were stronger associated with adiponectin in the group with isolated IFG and with leptin and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio in the IFG+IGT group. Conclusions: Our data suggest a similar anthropometric and metabolic profile in subjects with isolated IFG and with IFG+IGT. In isolated IFG, insulin resistance seems to correlate better with adiponectin, while in IFG+IGT it seems to associate mostly with leptin and derived parameters

Open access

Bogdan-Mircea Mihai, Cristina Mihaela Lăcătuşu, Elena-Daniela Grigorescu and Gina Eosefina Botnariu

Open access

Denis Iulian Trufa, Lidia Iuliana Arhire, Cristina Grigorescu, Laura Mihalache, Otilia Nita, Mariana Graur and Bogdan Mircea Mihai

Abstract

Malnutrition is a frequent and serious finding in surgical departments. Although its consequences include postoperative complications and higher costs, nutritional assessment is not part of the routine preoperative protocols. Nutritional assessment involves clinical and biological parameters and is vital in order to start treatment and improve outcome. Prealbumin is currently recognized as a faithful marker of malnutrition being introduced in practice guidelines. One of the most important aspects about prealbumin is the fact that its variations in time are more valuable than the absolute values. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the perioperative nutritional evolution of patients requiring thoracic surgery, with and without cancer, using prealbumin - preoperative and postoperative - as main marker. Thirty six patients from the Thoracic Surgery Department were assessed prior to surgery by body mass index, Subjective Global Assessment nutrition risk score and routine biochemical parameters. Prealbumin was assessed prior to surgery and 3 days after surgery. The age, length of postoperative stay and the presence was complications was noted. Patients with cancer (n=19) were significantly older than patients without cancer (p=0.007) and were more frequently, but not significantly, evaluated as malnourished through SGA (42.1% compared to 11.6%). Preoperative prealbumin and other parameters did not differ significantly between groups. However, there was a significant postoperative decrease in prealbumin only in patients with cancer. Therefore, prealbumin has been found to be valuable in assessing acute malnutrition in cancer patients, especially if variations are monitored in time, which could be useful in planning nutritional treatment

Open access

Elena-Daniela Grigorescu, Cristina Mihaela Lăcătuşu, Gina Eosefina Botnariu, Raluca Maria Popescu, Alina Delia Popa, Alina Onofriescu and Bogdan-Mircea Mihai

Abstract

The physician-patient communication has an essential role in establishing and supporting the relationship between these two partners. Moreover, modern medicine highlights the patient-centered approach. Publications assessing the impact of an efficient physicianpatient communication on medical care results in diseases such as diabetes and hypertension have revealed a positive correlation between patient’s satisfaction about the communication with the physician and values of blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin and pain intensity. Interventions needed in both doctors and patients for developing communication abilities were paid special attention in order to achieve an appropriate improvement in their communicative interaction during periodical appointments. In the field of diabetes mellitus, the medical challenge is to improve patients’ knowledge about medical care; this aim is achieved only by therapeutic education, using high-quality communication techniques.