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Anca Ștefania Mesaroș, Roxana Oancea, Alexandru Grecu and Aranka Ilea

Abstract

Background and aims: Diabetes has a high prevalence in both pediatric as well as adult populations in present times. Dental caries represents also a very serious problem form the health point of view in all population. Our study wishes to emphasize the relation between diabetes and oral health status in pediatric patients, also inquiring upon their awareness of the link between the two.

Material and method: 15 diabetic patients were compared with 15 non-diabetic matching patients.

Results: The study concluded in showing the importance of a correct oral hygiene in all patients with emphasize in cases of diabetic patients.

Conclusions: Awareness of the link between diabetes and oral health status should be promoted not only by dentists but also by their general medicine practitioner as well as diabetes specialists and nutrition specialist.

Open access

Veronica Trombitas, Alina Anda Nagy, Diana Vlad, Ilea Aranka and Silviu Albu

Abstract

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), fairly common disease in the field of otorhinolaryngology, is the focal point of thorough study of the pathophysiology and treatment strategies for a favourable evolution of patients with this problem. Although there have been important advances in the treatment of CRS, signs and symptoms still remain long after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), indicating the persistence of the biofilm infection on the sinus mucosa. This review aims to highlight the relationship between bacterial biofilm and CRS, and also the available treatment strategies of the latter.

Open access

Veronica Trombitas, Alina Nagy, Diana Vlad, Aranka Ilea and Silviu Albu

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is known as a relatively new pathology with clinical characterizations, represented by the facial asymmetry determined by progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus and the absence of nasal symptoms. The theory that sustained this pathology is based on the negative maxillary pressure and the chronic evolution of symptomatology.

CASE REPORT. A 49-year-old white female presented in our clinic for facial asymmetry, right facial pressure, right depression of the orbital floor and hypoglobus, without diplopia. The CT scan showed an opaque right maxillary sinus with the depression of the orbital floor.

CONCLUSION. The pathogenesis, clinical and imagistic features are the most important in the SSS for diagnosis and correct treatment.

Open access

Adela Cristina Lazar, Mihaela Hedesiu, Aranka Ilea, Grigore Baciut, Mariana Pacurar and Radu-Septimiu Campian

Abstract

Purpose: The present study aims radiological aspects of the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the jaw age groups both in receiving i.v bisphosphonates tratment Imaging assessment of bisphosphonates therapy-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw it is important to differentiate neoplastic invasion, osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis induced by radiation or bone related pathology of general diseases.

Material and method: We conducted a retrospective clinical study including 22 patients (8 men and 14 women) with various stages of osteonecrosis of the jaw.

Results: Radiological examinations using CBCT are required in all therapeutic approach of osteonecrosis of jaw cases providing accurate informations of position, dimension and the link with anatomical structures.Our study showed that the prevalence of osteonecrosis of mandibular growth is higher in women than in men and the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw in appearance is depending on age factor witch occurs more often between age 52-59 and 73-80 years old.

Conclusion: The multitude of complications due to treatment with bisphosphonates bind to an early and specialized therapeutic approach. Radiological examinations is a first choice in the detection and early diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw, patients requiring a permanent supervision by the physician and dentist.