Aim. The aim of study was to define actions improving the image of nurses in electronic media. Material and method. 219 women and 44 men took part in a survey. They were the students of the following courses: nursing, medical rescue, obstetrics, medicine, dentistry, pharmaceutics, physiotherapy, public health. The studies were undertaken with use of own questionnaire in 2015. Results. Majority of respondents 64,6% (n=169) stated that improvement of image of their own profession belongs to the nurses, and only 35,4% (n=93) respondents indicated that the professional organizations of nurses and midwives have their impact on it. According to the students, the most crucial action that should be undertaken by professional organizations in order to improve the image of profession in electronic media was the improvement of wages and working conditions (72,2%, n=189) and better promotion of the profession in electronic media (73,8%, n=193). The nurses can influence the improvement of their image in media by taking care of the good opinion about the profession by setting good example (32%, n=84), and also by creating blogs, social forum, online information services, etc. (26,2%, n=69). Conclusions. According to the respondents, the image of a nurse in electronic media is shaped by the television and radio. The mentioned media tend to present nursing environment in a negative light. The data analysis shows that according to the respondents, the professional organizations of nurses and midwives and nurses themselves should be responsible for improvement of the situation. In order to improve the image, the nurses should promote professional achievements, change the stereotype used in shows and movies, and familiarize the public with the profession. The following branches of mass media should be used: internet websites, television and radio.
Anna Sykut, Klaudia Massalska and Beata Dobrowolska
Aim. The aim of the research was to determine the elements of a nurses’ professional image, which most frequently appear in the media and the analysis of their connotations.
Material and method. A survey was conducted on 171 women and 10 men; professionally active nurses. The study was carried out in 2015 using a questionnaire created by the author.
Results. Among the most common elements influencing the nurses’ professional image in electronic media there were strikes/protests (54.1%) and the nurses’ external appearance (40.9%). The tone of the above mentioned elements was assessed by the respondents as indifferent. According to the surveyed nurses, the most infrequently appearing professional traits were: confidence (7.7%), independence (10.5%), honesty and conscientiousness (13.3%). The overtone of these elements was evaluated as indifferent except for the ‘independence’ which was described by 36.5% of the respondents as negative. According to the respondents, the efforts to improve the image in electronic media should be done by professional organizations of nurses and midwifes and the nurses themselves. The most important task that should be undertaken by professional organizations in order to improve the overall image would be to increase wages and improve nurses’ working conditions and their identification with the professional environment.
Conclusions. The most frequently appearing elements of the professional image of nurses in the electronic media were strikes and protests. Rarely such features of nurses and the profession as self-confidence, independence and honesty and conscientiousness were mentioned. Thus there is a great need for acting towards changing the nurses’ professional image in the electronic media.
Anna Sykut, Barbara Ślusarska, Bernadeta Jędrzejkiewicz and Grzegorz Nowicki
Aim. The aim of the study was to analyze determinants of the sleep disorders in adults and their health consequences based on the literature review.
Material and methods. The method of systematic analysis of literature was applied for the study. The literature review by keywords was based on the data from the Google Scholar web search databases, EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) search engines, Arianta scientific and industry journals, and information from the years 2010-2017 available on the website.
Results. Poor quality of sleep and too few sleep hours can be both a consequence and a cause of overweight and obesity. Such phenomena cause adverse changes in the endocrine system - in the form of hormonal imbalance affecting appetite, blood glucose level and the development of insulin resistance, what in turn, leads to disease development. It is, therefore, necessary to educate patients about proper sleep hygiene, reducing excessive body weight and developing healthy eating habits.
Conclusions. There is a relationship between sleep disorders together with eating disorders and somatic diseases. Sleep disorders can predispose to obesity, adversely affect the carbohydrate balance, causing increased insulin resistance and increased chance of developing type 2 diabetes, as well as numerous cardiovascular diseases.