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  • Author: A. Molnar x
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I. Neuhoff, S. Szilágyi, L. Molnár, I. Osztheimer, E. Zima, G.A. Dan, B. Merkely and L. Gellér


Introduction. In patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), failure rate to implant the left ventricular (LV) lead by the traditional trans-venous approach is 4-8%. Surgical epicardial implantation is considered as an alternative, but this technique is not without morbidity. Evidence from case documentation and from small trial batches demonstrated the viability of endocardial LV lead implantation where surgical epicardial lead placement is not applicable.

Material and Methods. Four patients were implanted with endocardial LV lead using the transseptal atrial approach after unsuccessful transvenous implantation. Implantation of an endocardial active fixation LV leads was successful in all patients with stable electrical parameters immediately after implantation and over the follow-up period. All patients received anticoagulation therapy in order to target the international normalized ratio of 2.5-3.5 and have not experienced any thromboembolic, hemorrhagic events, or infection.

Results. Follow-up echocardiography indicated significant improvement of LV systolic function (24 + 4.9 to 32 + 5.1 %, P = 0.023) with a notable improvement of the functional status.

Conclusions. Endocardial left ventricular lead implantation can be a valuable and safe alternative technique to enable LV stimulation in high surgical risk patients where standard coronary sinus implant is unsuccessful.

Open access

B. A. Suciu, Ioana Hălmaciu, V. Vunvulea, C. Trâmbițaș, R. Pisică, Laura Lata, D. Fodor, C. Molnar, C. Copotoiu and Klara Brînzaniuc


Introduction: Complex cholecysto-duodeno-colic fistulas are an extremely rare complication that can occur in patients with cholelithiasis. The aim of this article is to present the case of a pacient with cholecystoduodeno- colic fistula manifested with biliary ileus in a patient known for many years with cholelithiasis. Case report: We present the case of a 62 y/o male that was admitted in our clinic with the diagnosis of gallstone ileus. Emergency surgical intervention was needed. Intraoperatively we discovered a cholecysto-duodenocolic fistula complicated with gallstone ileus. During the operation we practiced retrograde cholecystectomy, closure of the fistulous tract (duodenoraphy, coloraphy), enterotomy and extraction of the calculus located inside the small intestine. The postoperative evolution was favorable. Conclusions: Cholecysto-duodeno-colic fistulas complicated with gallstone ileus are an extremely rare complication that can occur in patients with gallstones. In case of the occurrence of gallstone ileus, the surgical treatment is an emergency, being the only therapeutic technique that can save the patient’s life.