Walking as a transport mode is still often underrepresented in the overall transport system. Consequently, pedestrian mobility is usually not recorded statistically in the same manner as it is performed for motorised traffic which leads to an underestimation of its importance and positive effects on people and cities. However, the integration of walkability assessments is potentially a valuable complement in urban planning processes through considering important quantitative and qualitative aspects of walking in cities. Recent literature shows a variety of approaches involving discrepancies in the definition of walkability, the factors which contribute to it, and methods of assessing them. This paper provides a new understanding of the concept of walkability in the European context. Our approach relies on the extension of methodological competence in transportation, spatial planning and geography by linking new measurement methods for evaluating walkability. We propose an integrated approach to assessing walkability in a comprehensive methodology that combines existing qualitative and GIS-based methods with biosensor technologies and thus captures the perceptions and emotions of pedestrians. This results in an increased plausibility and relevance of the results of walkability analysis by considering the spatial environment and its effect on people.
The work of disaster management can only properly be supported by data stored in certified databases, since correct decisions can be made on the base of such data. Nowadays these data can be found in databases managed by several organisations, or only a part of the necessary data is available through GIS services. The tasks of disaster management include prevention, i.e. the preparation for potential incidents and the elaboration of related scenarios and plans taking into consideration the altering risk landscape caused by climate change. The development of modelling processes and applications based on GIS databases and the integration of the results in work processes gain ground more and more in this work phase. Geoinformatics is able to provide support for decision-making in two ways: in strategic planning and in the operative task solution. The present study demonstrates a multi-hazard multi-scale GIS tool development in Csongrád County (Hungary) in accordance with the aims of the Sendai Framework. This geoinformatic tool is applicable to support the decision-making not only of the management board but the deployed rescue units in case of an evacuation through the optimized locations of the gathering places.