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  • Autor: Ewa Humeniuk x
  • Öffentliches Gesundheitswesen x
  • Klinische Medizin x
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Introduction. Professional burnout, as a defensive, psycho-physical reaction to chronic occupational stress resulting from the imbalance between the demands of the environment and resources of an individual, is the phenomenon which considerably affects the nursing profession. Coping strategies reflect typical ways of reacting to stressful events. The following dissertation is an attempt to provide information on which coping strategies predispose nurses to burnout.

Aim. The aim of the study is determination of coping strategies that are predictors of professional burnout in Polish nurses.

Material and methods. The research group comprised 29 nurses employed in hospitals located in Eastern Poland. The authors’ own socio-demographic questionnaire and standardised psychometric tools were utilised in the course of the research. Brief COPE by S.CH. Carver, adapted into Polish by Z. Juczyński and N. Ogińska-Bulik was applied to determine coping strategies. Link Burnout Questionnaire by M. Santinello, adapted into Polish by A. Jaworowska, was used to measure burnout.

Results. Psychophysical exhaustion is to a great extent connected with such coping strategies as self-blame and planning. Relationship deterioration affects individuals who tend to react to a stressful event by venting emotions. The greater the tendency to self-blame and venting when faced with a stress-related situation, the greater the risk of experiencing the sense of professional ineffectiveness. Disillusion with work is conditioned by denial whereas self-distraction protects from disillusion.

Conclusions. Polish nurses present a moderate and high level of burnout. Some coping strategies (self-blame, venting, self-distraction, planning and denial) are predictors of professional burnout in nurses. It can be assumed that interventions aimed at training certain coping strategies based on the research results may enhance resistance to burnout in nursing professionals.


Introduction. The issue of depression in the context of cancer is a very important and complex problem. Suffering from depression and cancer at the same time concerns from 20% to 80% of the patients.

Aim. Assessment of depression occurrence among oncological patients depending on the profile of the disease.

Material and methods. The research group consisted of 63 oncological patients. Diagnostic poll method, survey technique was used. Occurrence and intensity level of depression symptoms were measured according to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) which was accompanied by the authorial questionnaire analyzing socio-demographic situation of the surveyed as well as the cancer profile i.e. type of cancer, ailments accompanying the disease and the frequency of their occurrence, undertaken therapies and their results.

Results. The analysis conducted with the help of BDI questionnaire presented the following results: more than half of the surveyed (54%, n=34) suffered from moderate depression and roughly 1/10 (n=7) of the surveyed suffered from severe depression. Only 1/3 (n=22) of the surveyed showed no signs of depression and complained only about low mood. Side effects of the treatment preventing patients from everyday functioning determined the occurrence of depression symptoms. Severity of cancer symptoms, duration of illness, time of diagnosis and number of attempts to fight the disease had no influence on the occurrence of depression symptoms.

Conclusions. Cancer influences every part of a patient’s life. Because of this, a holistic approach should be applied when treating such patients and that approach should be based on cooperation of doctors with clinical psychologists.


Introduction. Health practices have been a subject of theoretical and empirical discussions among experts from various fields of knowledge. They are analyzed more and more closely, regarding their connection with specific diseases. Because cancer is one of the main causes of death in Poland, it is very important to learn more about pro-health behaviors undertaken by cancer patients.

Aim. An attempt was made to establish if pro-health activities and their separate categories regarding cancer patients are preconditioned by socio-demographic variables.

Material and methods. The research was conducted on the group of 100 cancer patients. Diagnostic poll method, survey technique was used when conducting this study. Health Behavior Inventory (HBI) by Zygfryd Juczyński was the research tool. STATISTICA 12 and Microsoft Office Excel were used to analyze the gathered data. Statistical significance of p<0.05 was assumed which indicated statistically important differences or correlations.

Results. There was no association between sex, marital status, place of residence, education level, financial situation and prohealth activities undertaken by cancer patients. Average HBI score for the whole group amounted to 78.47±15.80 which is average. The highest level of pro-health behavior was observed in Proper Eating Habits subscale and the lowest level of pro-health behavior was observed in Health Practices category.

Conclusions. The knowledge gained on the basis of the conducted research will constitute a valuable hint regarding deficits in the observance of the principles of health culture in patients with cancer.