The type material of Racomitrium canescens (Hedw.) Brid. fo. erythrophyllum Sakurai from Japan is taxonomically evaluated. This form perfectly falls within the range of variation of Dilutineuron corrugatum (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek- Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek and, accordingly, R. canescens fo. erythrophyllum is reduced to synonymy with this species name.
A taxonomic and nomenclatural history of the moss genus Pterogonium Sw. is outlined and the illegitimacy of this name is confirmed. Nogopterium Crosby & W. R. Buck, the name of a new genus erected to replace the illegitimate Pterogonium, is accepted as validly published. This genus consists of five species, two of which, N. coreense (Cardot) Tad. Suzuki and N. tenellum (Tad. Suzuki & Z. Iwats.) Tad. Suzuki, have only recently been transferred to this genus. The transfer of the fifth species, N. tsilingense (P. C. Chen) Tad. Suzuki ex Ochyra & Bedn.-Ochyra, comb. nov., is effected in the present account.
The taxonomic and nomenclatural history of the broadly conceived genus Bryum Hedw. is briefly outlined. Twenty-one species, originating mostly from the Southern Hemisphere and traditionally classified in this genus, have been transferred to the widely accepted segregates of Bryum, including six in Imbribryum N. Pedersen, three in Leptostomopsis (Broth.) J. R. Spence & H. P. Ramsay, one in Plagiobryoides J. R. Spence, nine in Ptychostomum Hornsch. and two in Rosulabryum J. R. Spence.
Didymodon validus Limpr. is not universally recognised as a species in its own right but it is often considered a variety, D. rigidulus Hedw. var. validus (Limpr.) Düll. The epithet validus was used at varietal rank only in 1923, as Barbula rigidula (Hedw.) Mitt. var. valida (Limpr.) Broth., but this taxon was actually recognised as a variety, B. rigidula var. gigantea Schlieph. ex Warnst., already in 1904, and this name is lectotypified herein. Accordingly, the transfer of this variety to Didymodon Hedw., as D. rigidulus var. giganteus (Schlieph. ex Warnst.) Ochyra & Bednarek-Ochyra, comb. nov., is effected. This is the correct name for this Central European-Central Asian montane taxon at variety rank. Didymodon validus is considered a new synonym of D. rigidulus var. giganteus.
Halina Bednarek-Ochyra, Vítězslav Plášek and Ryszard Ochyra
Dicranodontium schwabei Thér. & Herzog, a poorly known species from Western Patagonia in Chile, is briefly assessed taxonomically. Some morphological and anatomical details of the species are illustrated and the problems associated with the typification of its name are discussed. The conspecificity of this species and Chorisodontium aciphyllum (Hook.f. & Wilson) Broth. is confirmed and the geographical distribution and ecology of the latter species is briefly reviewed.
Peter Erzberger, Halina Bednarek-Ochyra and Ryszard Ochyra
The subfamily Racomitrioideae of the Grimmiaceae is represented in Hungary by seven species belonging to four genera, including Bucklandiella affinis (F. Weber & D. Mohr) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra, B. heterosticha (Hedw.) Bednarek- Ochyra & Ochyra, B. microcarpa (Hedw.) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra, Codriophorus aciculare (Hedw.) P. Beauv., C. aquaticus (Brid.) Brid., Racomitrium lanuginosum (Hedw.) Brid. and Niphotrichum canescens (Hedw.) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra. All species are briefly described and illustrated and their distribution in Hungary is mapped. A key for determination of genera and species is provided. Some ecological, bryogeographical and conservation questions related to particular species are discussed. The following new statuses and combinations are proposed: Codriophorus P. Beauv. sect. Hydrophilus (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek- Ochyra & Ochyra, stat. et comb. nov., Codriophorus sect. Depressi (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra, stat. et comb. nov., and Codriophorus sect. Andicola (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra, stat. et comb. nov.
Ryszard Ochyra, Halina Bednarek-Ochyra and Barbara Godzik
A short history of the botanical journal Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica is presented. The effective dates of publication of all instalments of this journal are compiled. Publication dates for all parts and supplements of volumes 1−45 which were published in the years 1954−2001 are included.
Ryszard Ochyra, Vítězslav Plášek and Halina Bednarek-Ochyra
Gemmabryum J.R.Spence & H.P.Ramsay is considered to be congeneric with two monotypic South American moss genera, Neobryum R.S.Williams and Osculatia De Not., of which the latter has priority. It is the earliest available generic name for one of the largest segregates of the broadly conceived genus Bryum Hedw. which consists of some 44 species disposed in three sections that have a worldwide distribution. Traditionally, they were all placed in Bryum or Brachymenium Schwägr. and the relevant transfers to Osculatia are effected in the present account.
Halina Bednarek-Ochyra, Jakub Sawicki, Ryszard Ochyra, Monika Szczecińska and Vítězslav Plášek
Based on available molecular and morphological evidence, the genus Codriophorus P.Beauv. (Grimmiaceae subfam. Racomitrioideae) proved to be a polyphyletic taxon. It consists of two distinct genera which correspond to two sections of Codriophorus, namely sect. Codriophorus and sect. Fascicularia (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek-Ochyra & Ochyra. The latter section is raised to generic rank as Dilutineuron Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek. The new genus consists of the following five species: D. fasciculare (Hedw.) Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek, comb. nov., D. brevisetum (Lindb.) Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek, comb. nov., D. anomodontoides (Cardot) Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek, comb. nov., D. corrugatum (Bednarek-Ochyra) Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek, comb. nov. and D. laevigatum (Mitt.) Bednarek-Ochyra, Sawicki, Ochyra, Szczecińska & Plášek, comb. nov.