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Bekim Baliqi

Abstract

This research aims to explore the relationship between the universities and political elite formation based on the case study of Kosovo. The key questions raised throughout the research are; how do the universities influence the formation of the political elites and how were the elites changed throughout time? Analysing these relationships in different periods, each with a different impact on the elite building processes, namely from the establishment of the University of Prishtina until recently. Central assumption here is that higher education institutions were the catalyst in the transformation of the political elites. Being a vital source of power, a control over it represents also a struggle for power between the rival forces with different political outcomes. Theoretical framework consists of John Higley approach on the elite formation, based in the context of post-conflict and divided society, such as Kosovo case.

Open access

Fatemeh Ahmadi Azar and Farid Parvaneh

Abstract

This paper aims to focus on the subject of N. Katherine Hayles’s nonlinearity in Audrey Niffenegger’s The Time Traveler’s Wife as a postmodern work. Niffenegger published her debut novel, The Time Traveler’s Wife in 2003. This novel is a romance and science fiction which narrates the love story of Henry DeTamble – a man with genetic disorder that forces him to time travel unwillingly – and his artist wife, Clare Anne Abshire – who has to deal with his absence and dangerous experiences. Since Henry is a time traveler and experiences life in a non-linear manner, the main question of this research is that to what extent the characteristic of nonlinearity shapes the personality and un-consciences of Henry and Clare in a society which has been defined with Newtonian/Cartesian or linear thinking. To answer this question, N. Katherine Hayles’s Chaos theory can be applicable. Hayles considers nonlinearity as one of the most important and fundamental characteristics of chaotic systems. One of the findings of this research is the inapplicability of Newtonian thinking in post-modern literature.

Open access

Hajdin Berisha, Saxhide Mustafa and Yusof Ismail

Abstract

Organizational members perceive top management as the sole authority for strategy making. Whilst this has been true for a number of years, the last decade has provided a shift to this traditional strategy practice in some sectors in the society. This paper attempts to address two major questions: firstly, whether the classical view of strategy as a property of organizations and the sole responsibility of top management in strategy making holds true in one of the higher education institutions in Kosovo as a member of western Balkan and eastern European countries. Secondly, how top management influences strategy practices of sense-making and sense-giving through organizational culture. The research analyses organizational culture and its effect on strategy as practice before and after a shift of institution’s top management based on its six strategy dimensions. The study employs multiple sources of data to address the research questions: secondary sources, semi-structured interviews, informal discussions with institution’s staff members, two-week of shadowing, observations and viewing artefacts of the institution. Results reveal three threads: organizational culture plays an important role on strategy as practice; top management is perceived to primarily provide sense through face-to-face interaction and procedural measures of strategy practices; and staff members are mostly involved in implementation. Moreover, clan and hierarchical types of organizational culture are identified to shape strategy practices of the institution. The study suggests that while the strategy making practice should be at the core of institution, a pleasant and non-confronting organizational culture is crucial to attract new students and retain elite staff.

Open access

A. Onoyase and E. E. Ebenuwa-Okoh

Abstract

This study examined the relationship among Adolescents’ developmental characteristics, peer group influence and their anti-social behaviours. Four research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. The study is a survey -research. The sample size for this study is 594 students. The respondents were randomly selected from secondary schools in the 3 Senatorial Districts of Delta State. Questionnaire titled ‘Relationship among Adolescents’ Characteristics, Peer Group Influence and their Anti-social Behaviours” was used for this study. It has face and content validity. The reliability indices for the subgroups are as follows: physical characteristics, 0.68, intellectual characteristics, 0.68, social/emotional characteristics, 0.70, peer group influence, 0.71 and adolescents’ anti-social behaviours, 0.69. Regression and descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that physical, intellectual, social/emotional characteristics and peer group influence adolescents’ anti-social behaviours. It was recommended that adolescents should be made to indulge in productive leisure time activities where they can dissipate their energies.

Open access

Shkumbin Munishi Prishtina

Abstract

Language relations as manifestations of the phenomenon of multilingualism are also expressed in the area of the so-called linguistic landscape. Undoubtedly, the linguistic landscape not only reflects the use of languages in public space but at the same time reveals the depth of public perception of different languages, depending on their function and prestige. In this paper, I will treat Albanian, English and Serbian rapports through their coverage in the Pristina linguistic landscape, focusing on the use of these languages in advertising space in the city of Prishtina and in other tables that perform semiotic functions of indexes in this city. Likewise, within the reflection of the status planning of languages in Prishtina linguistic landscape, the use of Serbian in the official tables will be treated. This case study will also reflect the features of language policy and the impact of the globalization phenomenon in different languages. The results presented in this paper will reflect on the field research within a certain time span. The research has shown that in the Pristina linguistic landscape, in addition to the Albanian language, English has a dense use, while the use of Serbian is mostly limited to official charts i.e. names of the streets of the city and is not found in private advertisements tables.

Open access

Georgios C. Baltos, Filippa S. Chomata, Ioannis G. Vidakis and Janis Balodis

Abstract

This paper highlights the effectiveness of several modern training tools that could be applied within the context of training organizations, aiming towards the introduction of theoretical and practical fields, like the assessment of critical risks, the impact of time pressure and the importance of situational awareness, into the contents of a training course. The first part deals with present training tendencies and tools like distance and technology-based learning, while it is highlighted that knowledge management has gone through a deep and wide re-orientation. Quality assurance issues regarding education are also of great significance. The second part then studies the psychology of serving in combat or irregular crisis situations. It is about the particularities that compose the military, business or civil protection reality, resulting in new approaches of training courses that pursue excellent performance, particularly in dynamic and changing with high-velocity environments. Concepts like shared-ness of information, maturity in leadership decision making and cognitive task analysis can all determine a new domain of acceptable measures for crisis management training at professional level. The scope ranges from a routine organizational context to rapid response in a larger-scale emergency under pressure, requiring respective training adjustments.

Open access

Shpëtim Elezi

Abstract

This paper analyses the explanations of the lexical units of the political-economic field in three explanatory dictionaries of the Albanian language and investigates the ideological element that appears in these lexical units. These political and economic lexemes in the Albanian language dictionaries of 1954, 1980 and 2006 constitute the corpus and the object of this research. Since the first explanatory dictionary of Albanian (1954) to date, in this 70-year period, the Albanian society has experienced a boom of political and social changes. However, different political and economic ideas and tendencies revealed during this period have been marked by certain words reflected in these dictionaries through various meaningful explanations. Of course, in this regard, certain political and economic ideologies of this period have also exerted their own impact. Thus, the particular vocabulary of political and economic fields, drawn from these three dictionaries, has been subjected to the analysis of semantic features according to the semic analysis method. Variants of the meaningful explanations of the concepts marked from one dictionary to the other have been observed, identified and compared through this technique. Consequently, by identifying and comparing the common and distinctive elements that characterize certain words, the ideological background in their semantic structure, which has interfered in the explanation of the meanings of the lexical units of these two respective fields, has been investigated.

Open access

Majed Harb

Abstract

In this article I discuss the nature of arts-based research. Based on what relevant research says, I acknowledge that this research approach is built on different assumptions and seeks to enhance people critical consciousness. Three arts-based research projects were reviewed. Findings indicate how artsbased research helps individuals understand their realities and move towards desired change.

Open access

Senad Neziri

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to prove the presence of calques (loan translation) of Albanian language in the languages of minorities (Gorani community, Bosnian community) in the region of Prizren. We will make an effort to provide evidence for the role of Albanian as a donor language through daily contacts with the members of the above-mentioned communities. The corpus of this study will be the edited volume of songs and folk tales from minority areas, respectively from the population of Gorani and Bosnian ethnicity and their dialects. The research will be focused in minority areas in the municipality of Dragash (Sharr) where Gorani people live, as well as in other areas of minority language speakers, mainly in Zhupa, in the municipality of Prizren. The paper will be important in enlightening the facts of using the structure of Albanian, both in the spoken language of the minority community and that of Albanian community. The cases where certain elements of Albanian language are encountered in another language, where Albanian appears as a donor language, will be considered as important. The reason which has pushed us to conduct the research regarding the presence of Albanian elements, basically morphological, in a non-Albanian speaking community in Kosovar society, respectively in the multi-ethnic society of Prizren, is the way of speaking of this minority community and the confirmation of the impact of Albanian language and ethno-culture on this minority language since ancient times to the present.

Open access

Georgios Baltos and Carlotta Alpigiano

Abstract

Libraries are rightfully recognized as the heart of academic institutions. However, they are not standalone, but interconnected with all other players within the same organisational universe: academia, administration, stakeholders, internal and external competitors and co-operators. Internal auditors’ role is to promote quality standards along with a “continuous improvement” culture that includes efficiency, accountability and performance excellence at institutional level. Librarians have a long tradition of performance indicators’ collection and evaluation. The crossroad where librarians and auditors meet each other is represented by an integrated methodology which links objectives, risks, performances and controls, harmonising them within the institutional context. The case of such a collaboration at European University Institute (EUI) is a noteworthy example.