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Jérôme Grand

Résumé

Cet article analyse la formulation et la mise en oeuvre d’une politique sociale visant à promouvoir la citoyenneté. En s’intéressant au cas de la Fondation pour l’animation socioculturelle genevoise mandatée par l’État de Genève pour « favoriser la citoyenneté active », l’article cherche à mettre en lumière la norme de citoyenneté véhiculée par l’État, mais aussi à rendre compte de sa mise en oeuvre par des animateurs socioculturels au bénéfice de dispositions individuelles et confrontés à la réalité des contextes.

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Patrick Ischer

Résumé

La théorie de la légitimité culturelle telle que proposée par Pierre Bourdieu a suscité de nombreuses critiques, qui ont donné lieu à de nouveaux développements théoriques. Sans véritablement s’affranchir des thèses énoncées dans La Distinction, le modèle de l’omnivorité initié par Richard Peterson et celui de l’éclectisme défendu par Olivier Donnat ont, entre autres, passablement insisté sur la tolérance des élites et leur inclination à esthétiser la « culture populaire ». Nous appuyant sur une recherche qualitative conduite en Suisse romande, notre propos est de discuter ces théories en prenant pour objet d’étude les goûts en matière d’ameublement et de décoration domestique.

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Eva Nadai, Anna Gonon and Fabienne Rotzetter

Abstract

Drawing on the theoretical framework of the Economics of Convention this paper analyses the employment of people with disabilities as a valuation process. Based on case studies and interviews in business companies and disability insurance offices, it explores how employers and disability insurance determine the value of disabled workers. Inasmuch as employers are not willing to adapt performance standards, job design and work organisation, disability insurance attains individual exceptions for its clients at best, while disabling standards remain intact.

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Céline Remy

Résumé

Cet article montre ce qui se déroule en amont des collaborations entre les services publics de l’emploi et les opérateurs privés en charge de l’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi. Il met en évidence que les modalités de contractualisation et de gouvernance du partenariat influencent la confiance et, plus spécifiquement, la manière dont un partenariat s’autonomise et dont les prestataires acquièrent plus de capacités. Trois études de cas ont été menées au sein de partenariats dont deux en Belgique francophone et une en Suisse francophone.

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Rebekka Sieber

Abstract

This article aims at understanding how adaptation occurs in precarious prosperity. It investigates quality of life in Switzerland using a longitudinal qualitative design. The results show that processes of adaptation tend to be similar according to relevant social experiences and that adaptation does not mean complete resignation. Furthermore, the reasoning of adapting people changes over time. This shows an internalization of the perceived norm not being satisfied. Adaptation thus contributes to the reproduction of inequalities on a societal level.

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Hans-Jürgen P. Walter

Abstract

The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt theory) and Nicolai Hartmann`s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology - purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones - connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.

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Individual, Group, and Society

Direct and Indirect Context Effects and Their Impact for the Theory of Social Policy

Gisela Kubon-Gilke

Abstract

The current theory of social policy is characterized by considerable inconsistencies and analytical gaps. Disciplinary one-sidedness goes together with nontransparent and partially incompatible epistemological considerations. In this paper, it is shown that the Gestalt theory can be a sound starting point for the theory of social policy. Gestalt theory provides a groundwork for the selection of behavioral assumptions, the understanding of self-organization processes and the formulation of basic normative questions.

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Irene Candelieri

Abstract

Since the 1970s, new therapeutic practices, involving the interaction between humans and dolphins - Tursiops truncatus in particular, have developed. Such practices are known as dolphin-assisted therapies (DAT), a specific case of a more heterogeneous set of experiences with dolphins called dolphin-assisted activities (DAA): these include programmes of dolphin watching and swimming in high seas, as well as shows in dolphinariums and marine parks. DAT has grown rapidly as a highly attractive form of therapy, due to the well-liked animals used in an aquatic, and often exotic, environment. This kind of co-therapy seems to testify the enchantement that dolphins - in myths and chronicles often reported in rescue at sea, perceived as especially charismatic - exert on people; the human attempt of bonding with them, possibly in response to the need of building a human-animal bodily intersubjectivity.

Open access

Hellmuth Metz-Göckel

Abstract

The Society for Gestalt Theory and its Applications (GTA) is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year. The task of this article was to give a selection of gestalt theoretical research, which was created within the framework of the GTA. After a brief introduction to the theory, recent developments that have emerged since the founding of the Society and have found expression in the journal Gestalt Theory, as well as in many other publications, have been discussed. A number of contributions to the fundamental area could be cited: consciousness research, multifield approach, synergetics, language, development, and so on. The transfer of basic knowledge to a number of application-oriented disciplines, namely, psychotherapy, education, arts, culture, nation and society, organizations, and so on, has been presented. The article has shown that Gestalt theory has great relevance in both basic and application-related areas and can cover a wide range of issues.