Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 388 items for :

  • European Law, other x
Clear All
Open access

Lubica Saktorová

Abstract

The idea of the World Court of Human Rights was first envisioned in 1947 along with other institutions designed to create a system capable of the worldwide protection of individual human rights. The focus of the present study is to determine key issues of the prospective establishment of the World Court by an examination of its theoretical position among the United Nations bodies, regional and another inter-governmental human rights organisation. Analysis of the function and mechanisms of the current international human rights protection system would lead to deliberation on the prospective substantial and procedural competences of the World Court, the enforcement mechanism, jurisdiction and related benefits. The objective of the final part is to discuss challenges regarding its political and legal feasibility. Without the visionaries of the past, there would be no substantial system of human rights today. The World Court of Human Rights is a vision for the future.

Open access

Federica Mogherini

Open access

Paolo Ponzano

Open access

Renáta Pitonáková

Abstract

The majority of household savings are in the form of bank deposits. It is therefore of interest for credit institutions to tailor their deposit policy for getting finances from non-banking entities and to provide the private sector with the loans that are necessary for investment activities and consumption. This paper deals with the determinants of the saving rate of the private sector of Slovakia. Economic, financial and demographic variables influence savings. Growth of income per capita, private disposable income, elderly dependency ratio, real interest rate and inflation have a positive impact on savings, while increases in public savings indicate a crowding out effect. The inflation rate implies precautionary savings, and dependency ratio savings for bequest. There are also implications for governing institutions deciding on the implementation of appropriate fiscal and monetary operations.

Open access

Michel Theys

Open access

Rudolf Macek

Abstract

The aim of the article is to provide a complex analysis of labour taxation impact on economic growth in OECD countries. As main approximators of taxation, implicit tax rates and the World Tax Index are used. Methods and tests of dynamic panel regression with the Arellano-Bond estimator are used from the methodological point of view. From the results of complex analysis, it is evident that there exists a non-linear relationship between tax revenues (implicit tax rates, world tax index) and tax burden (tax rates). There also exists a negative relationship between labour taxation and economic growth and the impact of labour taxation is the most harmful for economic growth. Therefore, in an effort to stimulate economic growth, labour taxation expressed by personal income taxes and social security contributions should be reduced.

Open access

Ingrid Majerová and Jan Nevima

Abstract

A high level of competitiveness is the goal of every economic entity, whether individuals, companies, regions or nations. This paper discusses the issue of national competitiveness, which can be further divided into non-measurable and measurable input and output indicators. Output indicators are analysed in this paper, among which are a degree of openness, export performance, transformational performance and relative power of specialization. The aim is to find the relations among these indicators in the selected EU countries that form the Visegrad Group Plus, namely the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Austria and Slovenia. These linkages have been tested by a panel regression model during the period 1995 to 2015. Strong impact of all indicators on export performance was assumed. However, this hypothesis was proved only partially, namely regarding the influence of openness degree and transformational performance on the export performance in period fixed effects.