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Open access

Shadiya Mohamed S. Baqutayan, Aini Suzana Ariffin, Magda Ismail A. Mohsin and Akbariah Mohd Mahdzir

Abstract

Waqf plays a very important role in Muslim societies. It has been the main source for various public services provided to communities. It has been marginalized as a mere charity, although it has historically been successful in producing sustainable income and reducing poverty levels in Muslim countries. Traditionally, the creation of Waqf is inculcated in Muslims’ culture, and included all walks of life. It has also contributed to the service of man in various areas of development. Nonetheless, in modern times, Waqf has seen a declining role, which raises a number of questions as to what factors actually led to an earlier growth of Waqf, and what was the factor associated with its later decline. This review propagates a historical narrative of Waqf, highlighting the reasons for its decline and the need for reform. The paper concludes that if Muslims have good governments that can manage the funds are transparent, reformulates the laws governing Waqf, and design an integrated network of sciences to monitor issues and problems; they can realistically revive the practice of Waqf. The proper management and disbursement of Waqf can become a great source of revenue for the Ummah.

Open access

Olivera Iskrenovic-Momcilovic

Abstract

This paper describes advantages of using computers in teaching, but also problems that occur, as well as possibilities for their elimination. The main goal of the research is the formation of images which show the use of computers in higher education. The paper presents the results of a survey conducted among students of the Faculty of Education in Sombor (Serbia) about the use of computers in teaching. A sample of 126 respondents comprises students of the last year of all study programs. The results show that students and professors have a positive attitude about using computers in education and knowledge dissemination through computers. Most of them think that teachers have mastered basic computer knowledge, but give priority to teachers who know how to work with a computer, as well as to younger teachers. Students believe that many barriers occur during the use of computers, among which the most important is the inaccessibility of technical equipment. All barriers can be overcome through useful and practical computer seminars.

Open access

Bruna Papa and Ervin Demo

Abstract

Albanian higher education sector has undergone various changes in the last years. Such changes have brought different implication and challenges for higher education institutions. HEIs need to find new and innovative ways to be able to respond properly and play their role in the society. This paper aims to provide an evaluation of the staus quo of 5 public higher education instituions, that took part in the study, in regard to 6 aspects of the entrepreneurial university model.Interviews were conducted using HEInnovate tool as a theoretical guideline and questions were asked by being grouped in 6 categories: on aspects such as governance and lidership, internationalization, knowledge exchange, human and financial resources, entrepreneurial education and start up support and measures, were conducted in order to have a general overview and identify potential areas of improvement. Entrepreneurship needs to be supported and formilazed by the top lidership and effective organizational structure that promotes entrepreneurshop at all levels of the institution, financial stream needs to be diversified, blended learning needs to be encourgaed and promoted and public HEIs need to increase their international cooperation and presence. The study shows that HEIs need to implement new practies in order to better be prepared to face the current and future challenges. The findings and recommendation can be used to present measures to be undertaken both at institutional level of HEIs and at the level of policy makers in Albania.

Open access

Ibrahim Nji Ngouhouo and Samuel Honoré Ntavoua

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to locate channels through which public investment can be forwarded in order to impact economic growth in the CEMAC sub-region. To achieve this goal, a dynamic generalized method of moments (GMM) and the two-stage least squares (TSLS) methods have been applied. Data to test our two hypotheses were collected from various sources. The results have shown that there effectively exist significant direct and indirect effects of public investment on economic growth. We also discovered that export and employment are being considered as the last shackles of the chain. To that effect, it is recommended to the CEMAC authorities to grant more interest to these variables during the elaboration of public investment policies.

Open access

Derling José Mendoza Velazco and Jenniz La Madriz

Abstract

The didactics from its educational perspective, is located in the axis of reflection and theoretical operational projection, from the edge of interaction and communication, between the being of education and the dissimilar educational models. Therefore, the present study is based on generating a theoretical approach that arises from the practice of university professors. In this case, the Universidad Iberoamericana del Ecuador (UNIB.E) will be used as the research scenario. As a first objective, the didactic models that are frequent in the practice of university professors were analyzed. The second objective of the study was to interpret the relationship between the explicit theories, and those of common use, that university professors develop in their practice. To this end, the researchers carried out qualitative research based on the interpretative-hermeneutic paradigm, using a method of analysis and ethnographic study. Structured interviews and observations, both validated through expert judgement, were used as data collection techniques. Based on the information obtained, the importance of strengthening the didactic training of some teachers was detailed as important manifestations. Highlighting the conceptualization and effective application of the different models that arise in the andragogical practices of higher education.

Open access

Av. Eni Cobani and Engjëllushe Zenelaj

Abstract

The mediation process is a relatively new form in the legal treatment of legal disputes in Albania. The mediation process is the forerunner of solving a conflict between the parties, and unites them for a unanimous request to the court. The media as the fourth power plays a powerful role in addressing many social and state processes. The role of the media in the overall development of society has already been highlighted, and today in the era of information technology, of course, the media for such delicate issues plays a huge role. The purpose of the article is to highlight the role of media treatment or mediatisation of the mediation process as well as the analysis of the consequences of this process. Mediated cases mediated in the media are accompanied by various reactions, both from the official side of the institutions, which are directly or indirectly affected, but also from the public opinion. Like the nature of legal conflicts, social conflicts are also endless. Often legal complications are even worse because of disagreements between individuals, even when they pursue the same goal.

Open access

Omoaregha Agbayayo Omoregha and Antigha Okon Bassey

Abstract

Socio-economic determinants of healthcare services utilization were investigated in Akpabuyo Local Government Area using structured questionnaires, administered to adults in the study area. The general objective of this study was to determine the reason behind underutilization of orthodox health services in the area with particular attention to the socio-economic factors; specific objectives were to ascertain the influence of income level and the relationship between proximity of health facilities and utilization. The research design adopted for this study was the cross-sectional survey design; a sample size of 400 was drawn from adults, selected from each household and the Multi-stage sampling technique was utilized for the process of data collection, which consisted of the systematic random and the purposive sampling techniques. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) were used in the analysis of data generated, for the purpose of arriving at a conclusion and policy recommendation. The findings from this research revealed that income level at all three categories; low, middle and high had significant influence on the utilization of healthcare services, and the proximity of healthcare facilities concerning their distance and location also had a significant relationship on their utilization. Conclusively, it was recommended that there should be equitable distribution of functional health facilities within the wards to reduce distance and travel time, as well as an improvement on household income of rural dwellers in Akpabuyo through numerous private and government interventions as well as improved commercial activities.

Open access

Nkiru Christiana Ohia, Christy N. Obi-Keguna and Uchenna M. Nzewi

Abstract

In Nigeria, sexuality education was given to young people as they undergo rites of passage at the onset of puberty. It is expected that as this no longer obtains, the immediate family and the school should take on the duty. In this study, the researchers sought to know if giving sexuality education to adolescent girls will serve as a panacea to reducing teenage pregnancies and ‘baby factories’ in South East Nigeria. The subjects for the study were 22 adolescents girls of between ages 12 to 17 who supplied narrative accounts of the sexual experiences that led to their getting pregnant. The result showed that information on sexuality is still not accessible to teenagers making them pawns in the hands of people that exploit their ignorance. Based on the result, it is recommended that the family and schools should make sexuality related information available to teenage girls.

Open access

Përparim Kadriaj, Majlinda Dhimolea-Kota, Enkelejda Velo, Kujtim Mersini, Artan Simaku, Kristaq Berxholi and Silva Bino

Abstract

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an arboviral zoonotic infection wich is endemic in some areas of the country. The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of CCHFV in previous and recent endemic areas of the country. This crosssectional serologic study was conducted in period 2010-2014 by the Institute of Public health in Tirana, Albania. The survey included 152 sera specimen of cattle which were randomly collected from seven districts in Albania over the period 2010-2014. All samples were collected randomly from seven districts in Albania and were examined for anti-CCHFV IgG. Of the total of 152 samples examined, 102 (67.1%) were positive to IgG ELISA. The highest positivity rate was among cows (88.3%) and in recent endemic areas of Has and Kukes, 89.7% and 82.9% respectively. In recent endemic areas humans can potentially contract the disease as compared to other areas of the country.

Open access

Mauricio Carvache-Franco, Wilmer Carvache-Franco, José Luis Proaño Moreira, Rafael Arce Bastidas and Orly Carvache-Franco

Abstract

In the city of Guayaquil of Ecuador is located the Samanes National Recreation Area. This protected area is very visited for its diverse ecotourism activities that are carried out in this site. The empirical work was developed in situ, using a questionnaire and applying the Factorial Analysis as multivariate techniques tries to identify the different segments of the demand. The results show that there are three clusters of visitors: the first group is made up of “multiple motivational tourists”, with high motivation in all variables such as enjoying the environment and pure air, playing sports and enjoying public recreation spaces. The second group is made up of “indifferent tourists”, who present average scores on the motivational variables, as enjoying the environment and pure air, enjoying the public recreational spaces and performing sports. The third group is the largest and are known as the “Ecoturists”, who have high motivations in variables such as enjoying the environment and pure air, enjoy the public recreation spaces, sports and activities in nature and low motivations in the other variables. Carrying out segmentation studies in ecotourism in a recreation area, contributes with important information so that the public institutions in charge of the administration of these protected areas and the providers involved could supply products according to each segment of the demand.