The article deals with the research of operational reliability of forest felling machines with the method FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) and its implementation for observed machines in the organization. Forwarders 810D by John Deere were chosen for this research. The research was realized in real operational conditions. Application of the FMEA method allows flexibility in case of unexpected situations and optimization of human potential abilities. FMEA tool is a tool preventing outages operational reliability and preventive tool for ensuring the maintenance of facilities. This paper explores and verifies the operational reliability theory in practical real-world conditions, resulting in a reduction in operating (variable) costs, minimization of failures and readiness and increased performance of observed machines.