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Open access

Ľubica Simanová and Renata Stasiak-Betlejewska

Abstract

Competitiveness and performance of businesses today depend on the ability to respond to changes, implementation of new methods, techniques and approaches in the management of business processes, business activities, and logistics. The aim of the article is to present the results of empirical research in the field of change management and implementation of selected approaches in the management of production processes in manufacturing enterprises and in the enterprises of the wood processing industry (WPI) enterprises in Slovakia which affect the level of return on equity (ROE).

Open access

Zakky Zamrudi and Teguh Wicaksono

Abstract

Small and Medium Enterprises (SME‟s) was proven to increase the country economic condition due to its capability to retain the product and capital flow stay inside. SME‟s tend to be more creative than the large and traditional enterprises, though the profitability may vary across segment. The rise of technology has brought the customer to be more educated related to product due the ease of information dissemination. Web 2.0 was the basic of today’s social media communication in the context of logistics, enabling the society to directly interconnected one to another. Based on this reason, this study proposed an alternative to understand the SME’s owner in adopting the use of social media for business and logistics purposes including marketing, sales, product announcement, etc. This study involved 53 respondent around south east Kalimantan. The data was analyzed by using GSCA analysis due to its ability to explore the effect amongst variable while ensuring the consistencies. The results present that all exogenous variables show a positive and significant effect, though the only variable showing non-significant effect is the performance expectancies. The greatest effect is shown by the social factor on attitude towards the social commerce.

Open access

Stefan Kudlac, Jozef Gasparik, Milan Dedik and Petr V. Kurenkov

Abstract

An effective functioning of logistic chains through the use of intermodal transport inevitably necessitates elimination of potential constraints, which have a negative impact on the logistic chains implementation. The objective of the contribution is the analysis, definition as well as classification of constraints related to the logistic chains in the intermodal transport, which should enable to compare levels of constraints in different alternatives of the logistic chain implementation. Based on the comparison of the restriction levels, it is possible to select a more convenient way of the logistic chain implementation. The defined relevant constraints are assessed using scientific methods. These identified constraints have formed the basis for establishing a methodology, which enables to determine weights of constraints as well as to compare their levels on the basis of specific needs of entities.

Open access

Aleksander Sładkowski, Maria Cieśla and Bartosz Krupa

Abstract

The theoretical part of this article presents knowledge of selected methods used to study the quality level of basic processes. Authors paid particular attention to the Servqual method, which shows the differences that exist between the perceived and delivered quality of services provided by enterprises and the TUL method. The research part will show the Servqual and TUL analysis based on the processes of the existing transport company. The article is based on well-known methodology of Servqual and TUL analysis, which was adjusted to observation of transport processes of logistics service provider. The main scientific goal of the paper was to examine the effectiveness of the methodology used on the example of a transport company and comparison of methods utility. The improvement of the transport process will increase the level of customer satisfaction, and this is the first step to increase the number of transport orders received.

Open access

Theophilus Chinonyerem Nwokedi and Kenneth U. Nnadi

Abstract

Failure of oil pipeline transport infrastructure in Nigeria’s coastal ecosystem has continued to pose serious environmental problems with consequent economic effects. This study estimated the theoretical and empirical probabilities oil pipeline infrastructure failure modes in Nigeria. Historical research design approach was used in which time series data of 10 years on Nigeria’s coastal oil pipeline infrastructure failure modes were obtained from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. The statistical method of probability theory was used to determine the theoretical and empirical probabilities of oil pipeline infrastructure failure modes in order to optimally deploy pipeline safety and security management strategies. It was found that pipeline infrastructure failure by Vandalism poses the highest empirical probability and risk of occurrence.

Open access

Peter Marienka, Juraj Jagelčák and Lukáš Trnka

Abstract

This article consists of identifying important elements of the transport process of dangerous goods in all modes of transport, in recognizing and warning about the differences between theory and practice and designing optimized methodological procedures used in this transport process. The methodological procedures should have importance during whole transport process, from the order, through the accepting and identification of the goods, the packing, handling to the actual transport of dangerous goods by air.

Open access

Jacek Caban and Kateryna Kravchenko

Abstract

Distribution of dairy products is one of the most important activities in the production process deciding about the organization of production and the course of technological processes. Such products should be provided with suitable containers with protective coatings, maintain the appropriate temperature during transport, and most importantly, the sterility of the means of transport. Choosing the right packaging for perishable products is not an easy matter, as it has to fulfil many functions. The article presents some aspects of the packaging system and legal conditions for the distribution of selected dairy products. In the first chapter, short introduction for the issue of packaging market of dairy products is presented. Second chapter outlines the selected legal acts regarding food transport in Poland. Selected aspects in terms of choosing the type of packaging and used materials are described in chapter 3. The last chapter contains conclusions and final remarks for the distribution of selected dairy products.

Open access

Ján Dižo, Miroslav Blatnický and Rafał Melnik

Abstract

Passenger ride comfort of road vehicles is one of the most important performances of vehicle. The research of automotive passenger ride comfort is getting more and more important. In this contribution, the multibody model of a three-wheeled vehicle and analyses of passenger ride comfort is presented. The vehicle model and dynamic analyses were performed using the Simpack software package. The dynamic analyses of the vehicle driving were carried out on the road model with different surface quality. Analyses were focused on assessment of the passenger ride comfort on a driver seat.

Open access

Rabeb Kammoun

Abstract

Maritime transportation for Tunisia plays an important role in trade exchange with other countries. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to measure the efficiency scores of 7 seaports in Tunisia by applying the Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) with Cobb-Douglas production function and Data envelopment analysis (DEA) with CCR and BCC models. The annual data collected cover the 2007-2017 period for each port. Thus, the sample size for the analysis comprises a total of 77 observations. The empirical result shows that the total average scores of operating efficiency scores were DEA-BCC (0.746) >SFACD (0.536)>DEA-CCR (0.334) from 2007 to 2017. Given these results, the port of Gabes can be considered as the best efficient port in the 3 models (DEA-BCC, DEA-CCR and SFA-CD).

Open access

Eftihia Nathanail, Lambros Mitropoulos, Ioannis Karakikes and Giannis Adamos

Abstract

The salient scope of this paper is to enable the knowledge and understanding of urban freight transportation and provide guidance for implementing sustainable policies and measures in a city. To achieve this goal, an evaluation framework for city logistics policies and measures is developed, which demonstrates the complexity of urban freight transportation systems, through selected performance indicators, taking into account divergent stakeholders’ interests, conflicting business models and operations. Evaluation follows a hierarchical process; sustainability disciplines (economy and energy, environment, transportation and mobility, society), applicability enablers (policy and measure maturity, social acceptance and users’ uptake), multiple criteria and indicators, capturing the lifecycle impact of policies and measures and multiple stakeholders. Apart from the multicriteria context, the framework embeds methodologies, including, Impact Assessment, Social Cost Benefit Analysis, Transferability and Adaptability, and Risk Analysis. To demonstrate its applicability a case study is set for the City of Graz assessing the establishment of an Urban Consolidation Center. Results show that there is an overall improvement of 2.2% in the Logistics Sustainability Index when comparing before and after implementation cases of the Urban Consolidation Center.