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Open access

Josipa Mrša

Abstract

Valuation and management of intangible assets in modern business is becoming more significant. Measurement of the value of intangible assets in this paper refers to the intangible resources for which the company did not have any procurement costs and, therefore, are not standardized in traditional accounting, and their use has the potential to create value on the market. Knowledge, as the basis of intellectual capital, becomes a basic strategic resource and a generator for improving the organization’s success. Therefore, determining the way of identifying and evaluating intellectual capital becomes the common practice of the most successful companies through indicators that have their quantitative or qualitative weight.

The interest of users of financial statements for the value of intellectual capital depends on their involvement in the overall business. Its value is basically the difference between high-efficiency companies and those that are less efficient. It becomes the starting point for business analysis of the company to reveal the hidden, untapped value of human capital and point to the need to make the business better. Possible methods of valuation of the total intangible assets of the company are presented, some of which are standardized, but most of the value, contained in intellectual capital, is not valued or recognized. It is proposed that, along with the standard financial statements, the total value of the intellectual capital to which the results are realized on the market.

Open access

Kowo Solomon Akpoviroro and Akinbola Olufemi Amos

Abstract

The small scale industry in Nigeria is considered to be an important element to the growth of the economy in contributing to the gross domestic products of the economy and it has been of contention that strategic leadership has influenced and sustained the performance of small and medium enterprises. As such, the main objective of the study is to examine how the exercising of strategic leadership has influenced and sustained the performance of small and medium enterprises in Nigeria in terms of social impact. About 300 questionnaires were administered to small sized companies. The study found that there is a significant influence of strategic planning on sustaining small and medium enterprise profit performance and the results indicated that the managers that sustain profitability performance are those that are strategic in planning. Also the study discovered that the return on investment of Small and Medium Enterprise depends on the appropriateness of its leadership practices. The study recommends that small sized companies should be effective in their strategy implementation in order to achieve the corporate objectives of indigenous Small and Medium Enterprises.

Open access

Dragutin Vurnek, Andrea Bengez and Matej Perkov

Abstract

Migrations as an inevitable fact of socioeconomic trends pose a security challenge for migrant countries, transition countries, and the countries where migrants come as to the ultimate destination. They are realized in a large area with a large number of participants and global consequences. This paper, through the basic determinants of migrations, statistical indicators on migrations, security challenges, risks and threats, migration policy and international security, provides answers to the questions about the numerical movement of migrants from the seventies of the last century to today on a global scale. Responses are also given about the reasons for triggering migrations, the most desirable migrant destinations, and the impact of migrations on security in departure, transit and destination countries. Particular attention is given to the last migration crisis that has largely affected the European Union.

Open access

Marino Varricchio and Walter E. Block

Abstract

Prostitution is often depicted as an aggressive and coercive activity. We have convincing empirical evidence that sometimes this is indeed the case. However, this is not sufficient to make it illegal. We argue that an activity should be outlawed if and only if it is essentially aggressive and/or coercive. But prostitution is not inherently violent, only incidentally. Indeed, prostitution could be defined as “the act of rendering, from the client’s point of view, non-reproductive sex against payment” (Edlund and Korn, 2002). No aggression and/or coercion necessarily enters this all-inclusive definition. This is why prostitution should be legalized laws to the contrary repealed.

Open access

Boris Vukonić and Mladen Knežević

Open access

Marko Koščak

Abstract

In an increasingly competitive tourist market, wine and enogastronomy are becoming key elements in the development of tourist products in regions that cultivate grapevines, in Slovenia and internationally. It has been claimed that no kind of tourism can develop in regions without wine; however, from today’s perspective, this claim seems an exaggeration. Nevertheless, enogastronomy is an integral part of many contemporary tourist products. As such, it combines tradition, history and heritage and also improves the recognisability of a given destination on which modern wine tourism products rest. On a global scale, wine tourism is growing, and the forecast for the future is likewise promising.

The essence of a wine tourism product is to connect food and wine, i.e. enogastronomic or culinary experiences, and to follow new trends. The trend is to consolidate this segment of tourism services, in particular through leisure activities and relaxation at the destination of choice. Food and wine thus become part of the cultural experience of the visited destination and equal the experience of visiting a museum or a concert or can be an equal component of such a package.

Open access

Marek W. Lorenc and H. Lorenc

Abstract

Stone is the oldest, natural material, which was (and still is) used as both building and sculptural material. The most commonly used for these purposes are: granites, marbles, limestones and sandstones, representing the three main genetic groups of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. All of them are permanently being destroyed in result as well of natural weathering as microbiological activity and anthropogenic pollution of atmosphere, known as deterioration. The speed of such decay depends on both environmental conditions and mineral composition of the stone and it can lead to such intensive destruction that conservation may require partial replacement. Smaller damages are refilled with appropriate mineral masses, whereas in case of bigger damages refilling with natural stone is necessary. Professional conservation practice demands the selection and use of the same rock or the rock that is, in so far as is possible, identical to that originally used. It can be done only after previous detailed petrographical studies of the original material. Only then the stone material used for reconstruction will be appropriate and stonework performed properly will not (or almost not) leave marks. In many cases the ancient quarries do not exist and original source material is not available. Then petrographical studies of numerous rock-samples, which are recently available from other existing and/or working quarries, will allow the indication the most similar material. In many cases, unfortunately, the stone used for replacement is not identical to the original but only macroscopically similar. In such a case results might be visible sooner or later. These will be differences in colour, differences in structure and in some cases even crystallization of secondary minerals in the newly inserted fragments.

Open access

Jan Golonka, Maria Barmuta and Jan Barmuta

Abstract

In the paper authors present some geological sites from Kaczawa Unit, Sudetes, Poland, and their interpretation in a geotectonic context. All described geosites are important for understanding the evolution of so called Kaczawa Accretionary Prism as well as whole Sudetes. Presented outcrops are easily accessible, well exposed and exhibits high education value. Special attention was given to the Wojcieszów Limestones and their relationship to the surrounding rocks

Open access

Nathaniel G. Goki, Shekwonyadu Iyakwari and Allu A. Umbugadi

Abstract

The potential for geotourism and mining heritage of some landscapes in parts of Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa and Kwara states in central Nigeria were studied and compiled. The result show that geological endowments range from insalbergs, flood basalts and dome structures, which presents natural landscape for tourism. The quartzite ridges of the Oreke area in Ilorin host the Owu Falls of 120m cascading waters, the Kafanchan flood basalts that flowed extensively from the Kagoro hills with extensive columnar jointing creating the prestigious water falls of over 30m all present versed potential for geotourism. Mining activity around the Jos Plateau (Bassa, Jos, Bukuru, Barakin Ladi and Bokkos areas), southern Kaduna (Godogodo and Jagindi) create landscapes that if properly beautified can become tourist landmarks. Adopting and harnessing these landscapes can boost and provide alternative revenue for the affected central.

Open access

Jari K. Nenonen and Svetlana V. Stepanova

Abstract

The Finnish-Russian borderland has a unique geological potential for geological tourism development. Creating new tourist attractions based on geoheritage, design and development of the cross-border tourist routes open new opportunities for tourism development on both sides of the border. The article presents the crossborder geological tourist route “Mining Road” as a tool of activation of tourist activity in the Finnish-Russian borderland. This article explores the practical aspects of the project "Mining Road" development for tourism industry. It is proven the significance of cross-border route "Mining road" for preservation, popularization and reproduction of the natural, cultural and historical potential of the borderland.