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Open access

Amassoma Ditimi and Bolarinwa Ifeoluwa

Abstract

Since macroeconomic fundamentals have been found to play a vital role for changes in the economy of a country. Consequently, the onus is on the appropriate regulatory authorities to take measures in making amendments in these policies to put the economy on the right development track. The aim of this study is to use time series analysis to empirically showcase the nexus between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria. The method used for this study was the Co-integration test and the EGARCH technique to estimate the possible influence of the selected macroeconomic fundamentals on stock prices. Volatility was captured by using quarterly data and estimated using GARCH (1,1) respectively. The study found there is a positive relationship between macroeconomic factors and stock prices in Nigeria. Therefore, the study recommends that the Federal authority should put in place policy measures that will enable the exchange rate to be relatively stabilized. This is because empirical evidence from studies has shown that exchange rate affects stock market prices. In addition, the government authority should ensure an enabling environment that would build the mindset of institutional investors in the Nigerian stock market due to the existence of information asymmetry problems among potential investors.

Open access

Claudia Ogrean

Abstract

Over the last few decades Big Data has impetuously penetrated almost every domain of human interest/action and it has (more or less consciously) become a ubiquitous presence of day to day life. The main questions this exploratory paper seeks to address (throughout its two parts) are the following: What is the (actual) impact of Big Data on Business & Management and How can businesses (through their management) leverage the potential of Big Data to their benefit? A gradual, step by step approach (based on literature review and a variety of secondary data) will guide the paper in search for answers to the abovementioned questions: starting with a concise history of the topic Big Data as reflected in academia and a critical content analysis of the Big Data concept, the paper will then continue by emphasizing some of the most significant realities and trends that characterize the supply-side of the big data industry; the second part of the paper is dedicated to the investigation of the demand-side of the big data industry – by highlighting some evidences (and projections) on the impact of big data analytics on Business & Management (both at aggregate and granular level) and exploring what companies could and should do (through their management) in order to best capitalize on the opportunities of big data and avoid/minimize the impact of its threats.

Open access

Oziengbe Scott Aigheyisi

Abstract

The effect of oil price volatility on the business cycle (measured as fluctuations in real GDP) in Nigeria is investigated, while controlling for effects of other variables such as inflation, exchange rate, money supply, trade openness and foreign direct investment. Volatility in real GDP and oil price is generated through the EGARCH process. The ARDL approach to cointegration and error correction modeling is employed for analysis of data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. The study finds positive and significant short-run effect of oil price volatility on real GDP volatility, and no significant long-run effect. The short-run and long-run effects of other variables on business cycle (real GDP volatility) in Nigeria are not statistically significant. This suggests that short-run fluctuations in real GDP are engendered mainly by oil price volatility. This could be attributed to the precarious dependence of the country on oil export. The paper recommends channeling of efforts by the government towards diversifying the productive base and exports of the country as measure to reduce volatility in the real GDP.

Open access

Umair Ahmed, Saeed Abbas Shah, Muhammad Asif Qureshi, Muzafar Hussain Shah and Faiz Muhammad Khuwaja

Abstract

The objective of the present article is to highlight the concept of innovation performance, its importance and the different elements that could potentially enhance it within an organization. Through critical appraisal of the literature, the paper has attempted to shed light on how innovation performance is essentially important for businesses to thrive in the current global economy via focusing on prospects like corporate entrepreneurship and employee engagement. The review has concluded that Innovation and more importantly, employee performance towards bringing innovative is critical for businesses. Corporate entrepreneurship is an evolving concept that talks about nurturing and establishing such an environment that supports and motivates people to work with initiative mindset, indulging in creativity and innovation within the organization. Notably, past empirical evidence has underscored employee engagement to be highly significant in enhancing performance focused outcomes. The paper had attempted to establish how corporate entrepreneurship can enhance innovation performance within an organization. Importantly, the paper has also outlined pivotal role of employee engagement as a potential moderator to enrich this relationship. The paper has forwarded research model highlighting severe paucity of research and mature significance for fostering innovation performance at the workplace.

Open access

Mihaela Herciu and Radu Alexandru Șerban

Abstract

Firm performance is a very complex and exhaustive concept. It can be related to many factors: starting with variables from balance sheet, income statement or cash-flow statement, continuing with research and development expenses or IT competences, and last but not least with intangible assets like human capital, goodwill, or brand value. The purpose of the present paper is to develop and test a model in order to measure firm performance by considering US companies that are ranked into the Global Fortune 500. In this study we used control variables (assets growth rate, net income growth rate and revenue growth rate) and depended variables – return on assets (ROA), debt to equity, research and development expenses to total operating expenses, environment, social and governance rating, Tobin‘s q – to measure firm performance. The article‘s findings suggest that when analyzing the firm performance much more factors must be considered.

Open access

Oana Duralia

Abstract

In the current economic context, characterized by extremely fierce competition directed at winning or retaining various consumer segments, as well as by an unprecedented technological boom, the marketers’ effort towards implementing new ways of communicating and bidding remains the only way to business success. Considered to be the most visible part of the marketing activity, integrated marketing communication tends to capture the attention of both providers and buyers especially, who need information from various sources to inform their purchasing decisions. Thus, the present paper aims to highlight the main tools which the specialists use in integrated marketing communication in their attempt to establish a permanent and efficient contact with both potential consumers and with actual consumers, as well as an analysis of secondary data sources regarding the impact false news broadcast through various media channels have on consumer perceptions.

Open access

Adriana Vinţean

Abstract

Our future is polarized and unpredictable and means progress as this regards the evolution of technology that may bring about the union between man and machine as far as the present technological environment is enlarging. But, until then we have to face imperfections that are synonymous with the problems that affect humanity: aggression against some states, conflicts that need to be settled, discrepancy between the rich and the poor, the positive and negative influences of the internet, CO2 emissions in developed countries, redirecting towards markets with lower risk potential, even the battle with death. And, unfortunately we have the alienation of the modern man in a breakable world. We know that the future can become what we wish it to be as far as we have a purpose and positive outlooks and take the correct decisions.

Open access

Halil Dincer Kaya

Abstract

We examine the impact of the 1997 Asian Crisis on governance. We look into how the crisis affected High-Income OECD, High-Income Non-OECD, Upper-middle Income, Lower- Middle Income, and Low Income Countries. For measures of governance, we use the World Bank’s Governance Indicators dataset which includes six measures of governance. We find that pre- and post-crisis, the ranking of each income group has not changed except for year 2004 when the High-Income Non-OECD Countries surpassed the High-Income OECD Countries in “Political Stability and Absence of Violence” category. In other words, our results show that, other than that exception in 2004, both pre- and post-crisis, the High-Income OECD Countries had the best governance measures, the High-Income Non-OECD Countries had the second best measures, and so on, in the order shown above. One point to note here: The High-Income Non- OECD Countries performed much better than the other groups after year 1998. After 1998, this group improved in all six dimensions of governance. We conclude that although crises affect all income groups, because of certain characteristics of the High-Income Non-OECD group, they tend to better react to crises.

Open access

Dupe Adesubomi Abolade

Abstract

Layoffs and alternative staffing seem to be a phenomenon in many workplaces, many employees seem uncertain of their continuing in their job as a result of threats that they face on the job which could lead to job loss, and these call for concern. This paper therefore examines some of the factors responsible for job insecurity and employee turnover and the attendant effects of job insecurity on organisation. The study investigates the relationship between job insecurity and organisation performance, as well as relationship between job insecurity and employee turnover. Self-developed structured questionnaire titled ‘Job Insecurity, Organisation Performance and Employee Turnover’ (JIOPET) was used as the instrument to collect data from one hundred and twenty randomly selected respondents from organised private sector (financial institutions) in Akure and public sector (state secretariat) in Ibadan, Nigeria. The data were analysed and the two hypotheses drawn up for the study were tested using Pearson Product- Moment Correlation. The findings establish that job insecurity negatively affect organisation performance and induce employee turnover. It is recommended that organisation policy makers should diligently address the factors that contribute to job insecurity, have training policy and train employees as work procedures are becoming more dynamic with new technologies.

Open access

Kerry Liu

Abstract

Based on the first of its kind large-scale research on worldwide government ownership from 47 countries, the results show that government owners like to be the largest blockholders; if government is the largest blockholder, the size of its ownership is also quite big. Government ownership is mostly distributed in banks, infrastructure and public utility companies, and strategic manufacturing companies. While there are various theoretical arguments on the size and industry distribution of government ownership, this study provides first-ever empirical evidence. In sum, this paper contributes significantly and originally to our understanding on government ownership, and lay out further directions for future research on the complicated corporate governance issues of government ownership.