This paper gives a methodology to estimate the generalized costs of end-consumers visiting any retailer. The attractiveness and utility of retailers for end-consumers have been calculated based on their possible generalized costs according to their choice. According to the developed model, analysis of the consumer market visiting all shops in the described zone has been made. Research provides explanation of generalized costs of end-consumers. Generally, the utility function of end-consumers visiting retailers depends on the price and non-price factors. The regression models describing the time spent on transit to a retailer and inside of it provide monetary assessment of costs associated with the purchase process. The monetary level of fatigue was evaluated using the calories spent during the purchase process. The attractiveness of the retailer in an urban zone was assessed as an inverse function of the generalized costs.
In the present article, we deal with a generalization of the logistic function. Starting from the Riccati differential equation with constant coefficients, we find its analytical form and describe basic properties. Then we use the generalized logistic function for modeling some economic phenomena.
To develop an immaturity model for the assessment of logistic processes that can assess the practices that describe the level of criticality, which maturity models do not evaluate, of these processes.
Application of the little-known variation of maturity models and immaturity models in business logistic processes.
The research is conducted from a literature review primarily with terms such as immaturity models and process immaturity. As literature is poor, it is supported by the maturity models developed by various authors in multiple domains.
As a result, an immaturity model is obtained for the assessment of the main logistic processes of manufacturing companies. Likewise, the evaluation and the experiences collected from its application in a company of a case study are obtained.
Implications for theory and practice
The studies about immaturity of processes are few. The model is designed for manufacturing companies whose logistics management differs from service companies.
The article discusses the issues of the critical infrastructure security management from the perspective of entities responsible for its security and development of an integral model of critical infrastructure security, and shows the methodology of situational management of critical infrastructure safety. Proposed solutions are used for CI mapping, enabling the generation of adverse event scenarios, estimation of the risks dependent on the considered CI, and determination of decision problem, indicating a set of protection activities for elimination or reduction of the risk in the security threshold.
Among the many factors that cause project delays or cancellations are disruptions, that is, unforeseen events occurring during the implementation of a project, which postpone or interrupt the performance of project activities. Examples of disruptions include employee absenteeism, addition of new activities, and others. One way to deal with this type of events is to predict potential disruptions and prepare redundant resources to be used should a disruption occur (proactive approach). The focus of the present paper are human resources, in particular redundant project team competence frameworks, which allow to continue work on a project in the event of a disruption. Previous studies on planning competence frameworks regard insensitivity (robustness) to one type of disruption, caused by employee absenteeism (an absence of one, two, or three employees). The goal of this article is to present a proactive procedure that allows to seek competence frameworks robust to two types of disruptions: absence of one employee and addition of new activities not included in the project plan. Examples are provided to illustrate how the proposed approach can be used in practice.
The significance of insurance activity is constantly growing, generating new problems and posing new challenges. One of these challenges is meeting the growing requirements and expectations of customers. This requires the efficient management of insurance companies, which means the necessity to resort to modern management concepts, particularly the concept of process management and its related instruments. The article presents the results of research carried out at the Faculty of Management of the Warsaw University of Technology regarding process management in insurance companies. The distinctness of insurance activity and its financial management is discussed and its following aspects presented: the identification of insurance activity processes encompassing the management of basic and auxiliary processes; the model of the financial management process of insurance companies; the relationship between the financial management process and other processes implemented in insurance companies; financial situation assessment measures for insurance companies, and the financial management process.
The aim of this article was to estimate the total efficiency of teaching activity carried out in Polish higher education institutions in 2015. The study used the EBM model belonging to the nonparametric DEA method. The output of the education process was measured by the number of graduates of the first-cycle and second-cycle studies and long-cycle studies, the number of doctoral degrees awarded, the number of postgraduate studies certificates issued, and the number of academic teachers and the total value of teaching activity revenue, the total value of state budget subsidies along with fees for educational services and fixed assets. Efficiency measurement was made for two variants: M1 and M2. The obtained research results indicate that on average, the difference between the indicators of the total efficiency of teaching activity under the two empirical models is 0.00. This is due to the fact that the share of budget subsidies and fees paid by students of part-time studies, in the revenues from teaching activity is at the level of 87%. There is also a positive but weak correlation between the total efficiency ratios and financial results obtained from teaching activities.
This quantitative correlational research examined the correlations between customer relation-ship management (CRM) usage, product innovation, and customer satisfaction. The general problem was the lack of evidence indicating the use of CRM system as effective in improving small- to medi-um-size companies’ performance. Hence, the specific problem was to determine the beneficial use of a CRM system for customer satisfaction and product innovation. Data were gathered through sur-veymonkey.com. A total of 97 respondents were selected as sample from 10 small- to medium-size companies to answer the survey questions. Respondents were top managers, middle managers, and first-line managers of the selected organization. Statistics of the study were provided with the help of IBM Statistical Package for Social and Sciences version 23. The findings showed a strong correlation between the use of CRM system and customer satisfaction. They indicated the use of CRM system could improve the relationship with existing customers, could help attract prospective customers, and could win back former customers.
The aim of this study was to determine the contributions of the balanced scorecard (BSC) methods to identify the relationship between the objectives and activities and examine how the BSC should be formed in a manufacturing company. The BSC framework was examined via a case study in a yarn manufacturing company. The activities to be carried out by the company to achieve its objectives and how the appropriate measures are determined in evaluating the contribution of the activities to the achievement of objectives are explained under the BSC approach. The BSC implementation and adaptation have facilitated in a family owned company because of its fast decision-making process. Objectives are made clear in accordance with the company’s strategy and causal relationship between objectives and activities are linked by the strategy map. The BSC implementation shows that financial measures are not enough to evaluate the effects of all the activities on the objectives in a company. The cooperation between departments in the company and the efficiency of corporation meetings increases. The meetings have become more result-oriented due to clarifying objectives and responsibility of individual levels.
Employee engagement has been at the center of attention for human resource personnel and researchers who stated that employee engagement can be a key driver of an organization's business success. Many researchers have found in recent researches that a transformational leadership style has a beneficial connection with employee engagement. Thus, this study aims to find the causal effect of perceived transformational leadership on employee engagement through the mediating role of leader’s emotional intelligence. We analyze the data from a sample of 338 full-time employees working in the ICT sector in Palestine using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) to test the hypothesis. Later, the bootstrapping analysis was conducted to confirm the mediation test in this study. The finding shows that transformational leadership style has a significant effect on employee engagement for the mediating role of emotional intelligence. The effect of transformational leadership on employee engagement was found to be completely mediated by leader’s emotional intelligence at work. Theoretically, this empirical study contributed to the new knowledge on the unique mediating effects of leader’s emotional intelligence in the relationship between transformational leadership and employee engagement in the Middle Eastern Region. Practically, this study has managerial implication in the area of organizational management, leadership and human resource management.