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Analytical study of care quality and moral distress in clinical situations and patient care

Abstract

Objective

Nursing profession conventionally meets a high standard of ethical behavior and action. One of the ethical challenges in nursing profession is moral distress. Nurses frequently expose to this phenomenon which leads to different consequences such as being bored by delivering patient care that decline care quality and make it challenging to achieve health purposes. This study was conducted to investigate the association between the aspects of moral distress and care quality.

Methods

In this descriptive–analytical study, 545 nurses of intensive and cardiac care units and dialysis and psychiatric wards were recruited by census sampling. Three questionnaires, Sociodemographics, Moral Distress Scale, and Quality Patient Care Scale, were distributed among the participants and collected within 9 months. Data analysis was conducted by descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and the least significant difference in SPSS 13.

Results

Investigating moral distress domains (ignoring patient, decision-making power, and professional competence) and care quality domains (psychosocial, physical, and communicational) demonstrated that in being exposed to moral distress, ignoring patient had no effect on psychosocial domain (P=0.056), but decision-making and professional competence of moral distress had positive effect on psychosocial, physical (bodily), and communication domains of care quality.

Conclusions

Because moral distress domains are effective on patient care quality, it is recommended to enhance the knowledge of nurses, especially beginners, about moral distress, increase their strength alongside standardizing nursing services in decision-making domains, improve the professional competence, and pay attention to patients.

Open access
Awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus vaccination and their influential factors among Chinese women: a systematic review

Abstract

Objectives

To systematically review the knowledge attitudes and the influential factors on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among Chinese women.

Methods

Published studies on knowledge and attitudes of HPV vaccination for preventing cervical cancer among Chinese female population were retrieved using the major Chinese and English databases. Meanwhile, handwork retrieval was also conducted and the references including in the literature were retrieved. The quality of the literature was rigorously evaluated and extracted independently by two researchers and the data were analyzed and described by review manager 5.3 (RevMan5.3) software.

Results

In all, 19 articles including 8 articles in Chinese and 11 in English were chosen. A total of 30,176 participants were included and the sample size ranged from 64 to 6,024. The overall awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine among Chinese women was at a low level. Chinese women generally showed poor knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccine. Acceptance of HPV vaccination among Chinese women was at a high level. Vaccination intentions were influenced by the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and measured by attitudes subjective norms and perceived behavioral control.

Conclusions

The health authorities may evaluate and develop TPB-based interventions to increase HPV vaccination intentions of Chinese women. HPV vaccination programs should focus on carrying out multi-level and targeted health education and developing effective public health strategies after balancing the cost and benefit of HPV vaccine program. Medical staff should play the positive role in promoting the use of HPV vaccines in China. Integration of policy and community perspectives and multi-level interventions are essential to maximize the public health benefits of HPV vaccination.

Open access
Development of an assessment and intervention protocol for postpartum hemorrhage in the mainland of China: an evidence-based method and Delphi consult

Abstract

Objective

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death. Although guidelines have been updated, those with detailed protocols are limited for nursing practice. This study aims at establishing an early assessment and intervention protocol as a toolkit for PPH for midwives and obstetrical nurses.

Methods

Employing the evidence-based method, a systematic Internet search of guidelines was conducted and appraisal of literatures was conducted with AGREE system and Oxman-Guyatt Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire (OQAQ), according to which a protocol draft was therefore developed. Then, a two-round modified Delphi method was utilized to reach a consensus of the protocol built on best practices. Selection criteria for each intervention measure included consensus level with a threshold of 70%, mean of importance (M) >3.5, and coefficient of variation (CV) <0.25. Reliability of experts’ opinion was calculated by positive coefficient and authoritative coefficient. Items without consistency were enlisted in the second-round consult. When all items met the selection criteria, the protocol would be finally formulated.

Results

A 122-measure protocol was established, including prevention, assessment, and intervention of PPH. With a panel of 14 experts participated in the consult, the positivity coefficient was 0.93 and 1.00 for two rounds, respectively, and the authority coefficient was 0.88. After a two-round consult and revision of the draft, the final program was formulated, containing 5 first-level indexes and 14 second-level indexes with a total item of 120.

Conclusions

The PPH protocol, based on high-quality evidences, was formulated with a two-round Delphi method, which can provide insight for midwives and obstetrical nurses to effectively deal with PPH.

Open access
Effects of abdominal massage on gastrointestinal function in ICU patients: a meta-analysis

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effects of abdominal massage on gastrointestinal function in the intensive care unit (ICU) patients.

Methods

Randomized controlled trials about the effects of abdominal massage on gastrointestinal function in ICU patients were included from multiple electronic databases: PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Embase, CINAHL, China Academic Journals Full-Text Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, and CQVIP, until November 2018. Studies were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracting data and assessing. Data were analyzed by RevMan 5.3.

Results

Nine studies with 720 patients were included. The results of meta-analysis in the intervention group were as follows: abdomen circumference: mean difference (MD)=-4.22, 95% confidence interval (CI)=(-6.20, -2.24), P<0.00001; abdominal distension: MD=0.34, 95% CI=(0.22, 0.52), P<0.00001; gastric residual: MD=-41.51, 95% CI=(-55.86, -29.15), P=0.001; gastric retention: MD=-0.23, 95% CI (-0.30, -0.15), P<0.00001; and vomiting: MD=0.12, 95% CI=(0.04, 0.35), P=0.0001.

Conclusions

Abdominal massage is effective in reducing abdominal distension, gastric residual, and vomiting. When the intervention period was <7 days, abdominal massage could not reduce the abdominal circumference in ICU patients, and when the intervention period was equal to 7 days, abdominal massage could reduce the abdominal circumference in ICU patients.

Open access