Amjad Pirotti, Abolfazl Keshavarzsaleh, F. A. Mohd Rahim and Norhanim Zakaria
Although success is a word that encapsulates a general and wide idea and it is challenging to provide a definite and a consensus definition from all individuals concerned, for many years, there has been a growing interest in identification of the success factors and the relationship with project success. In this research, the main objective investigates the relationship between top management, project mission, personnel, communication and Schedule/Plan and project success in construction industry in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among Managers and Employees of construction companies registered with Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) of Malaysia and the correlation and regression analysis was carried out in order to test the hypotheses of the study. Key areas are now offered that practitioners and academics should further explore to contribute to the knowledge body on project success and to explore in more details which factors affect project success in construction industry in Malaysia.
The paper presents the problem of ageing processes of hydraulic oils when used in single-bucket excavators in mining of rock raw materials. Working parameters of these excavators are specific, particularly when a hydraulic hammer is mounted in place of the working bucket, therefore the course of the oil degradation process and the change times should be precisely determined as full functionality of hydraulic systems of excavators must be maintained and the wear of individual components of these systems should be reduced. Research on oil ageing processes has been carried out for excavators from various manufacturers that have operated in mines of rock raw materials of various raw material extraction quantities. The methodology adopted for testing the ageing processes of oils in excavators allowed to obtain a number of results that question the hitherto applied criteria for quality assessment of used oils in relation to the time of their actual use in hydraulic systems of excavators, as well as the time of change of such oils.
Ihor V. Rybitskyi, Mykyta B. Slobodyan, Galyna M. Kogut, Vasyl Ya Popovych and Maksym O. Karpash
The requirements of the fundamental normative documents in Public Joint Stock Company “UKRTRANSGAS”, regulating activities in the sphere of energy efficiency, are considered and analyzed. The procedure for implementation of energy saving measures and controlling over their implementation is presented. The analysis of planned and actual indicators of fuel and energy resources saving has been carried out. The ways to improve energy efficiency with the use of renewable energy sources are given.
Oleh Onysko, Volodymyr Kopei, Iulia Medvid, Vitalii Panchuk, Lolita Pituley and Viktor Vryukalo
The drill string consists of connected drill pipes and other elements. The connection is carried out by screwing of the drill string elements with the help of tool-joint tapered thread. The operational characteristics of the drill pipes depend of the manufacture precision of these tool-joints mostly. The accuracy of the thread is regulated by the accuracy of its profile and the accuracy of its pitch diameter value. The accuracy of the tapered thread manufacturing on the lathe in its depending on the values of the geometric parameters of the lathe tool and the values of deviations of its installation relatively to the workpiece axis is investigated. It is proved that for the tapered thread of form VI profile used for connection of drill pipes with the diameter from 30 mm to 44 mm the most influential factor, in relation to the accuracy of the thread profile is the value of the rake angle. Application of the rake angle value up to −5° according to the research data leads to a deviation from the specified profile of 0.3°, which is more than 35% of the declared standard tolerance on deviations from the profile. Also, the influence of the back rake angle value on the value of the deviation from the standard pitch diameter of the thread is proved. It is proved that the magnitude of the tangential displacement of the nose of the cutter relatively to the axis of the thread up to −0.2 mm can cause a deviation of the profile angle of 0.18°, which is 27% of the standard tolerance.
The paper presents the use of fiber optic FBG strain sensors for analysis of deformations of machines and devices including those used in mining techniques. FBG strain sensors have many advantages over classic strain measurements using electro resistance strain gauges. They are characterized by a significant measurement accuracy of up to 1 mm, a service life of up to 30 years, the possibility of measuring large deformations of up to 8%, significant fatigue life, the possibility of building measurement networks and, something extremely important in mining – intrinsic safety, because the operating medium is white light. The entire measurement system based on the optical interrogator was also discussed. It enables conducting both static and dynamic measurements. The results of the strain research for an engineering machine, in which the loads had exceeded 800 T, were reported.
This article presents the problem of emergency braking in mining shaft hoists equipped with drum. The industrial applications of friction devices and mobile fender beams concerned only friction shaft hoists. For drum devices, it is necessary to use braking devices both in the shaft tower and its sump. The impact of such a solution on the construction of braking devices and on the braking process itself is the subject of the paper.
The issue of projecting the air pollution levels is quite essential from the viewpoint of the necessity to adopt specific prevention measures intended to reduce the pollution concentration in the air. One can apply certain machine learning methods, including neural networks, to build pollution concentration models. Neural networks are characterised by the fact that they can be used to solve the relevant problem when we face shortage of data, or we do not know the analytical relationship between input and output data. Consequently, neural networks can be applied in a number of problems. This paper discusses a possibility to apply neural networks to the prediction of selected gas concentrations in the air, based on the data originating from the measurement networks of the Polish State Environmental Monitoring System, combined with local meteorological data. Forecast results have been presented here for SO2, NO, NO2, and O3 in various locations. The author also discusses the accuracy of the respective forecasts and indicates the relevant contributing factors.
The management of the production assets in the Polish Mining Group Inc. is geared towards achieving strategic aims through the unification of the obtained machines/devices, their practical use while maintaining them in the proper technical condition, adhering to proper maintenance-renovation procedures, reserves optimization as well as final recycling with no re-use in the production cycle. The following paper presents the functioning of the IT support in the production assets management, geared towards the integration with other areas of technical and economic activities of the Group. The modular structure of the integrated IT system makes it possible to gradually implement the successive solutions functioning within the Group as well as in the surrounding local areas, ensuring the suitability to the current needs of the organization and the system users.
Areas of industrial damages require elaborating efficient methods of reclamation and revitalization. A region of Poland, where process of degradation is particularly visible is Upper Silesian Industrial Region. Areas in the zone of many-years influence of Huta “Miasteczko Śląskie” are characterized by norm-exceeding concentration of heavy metals. The area in its direct surrounding was defined as industriogeneous desert. In 2017 on three designated testing grounds with diversified degree of contamination (see: map) of joint area of 1.5 ha, planted were jointly 6550 seedlings of chosen species of trees and bushes which were likely to survive in those conditions. In the first vegetative season, despite extremely long-lasting drought and high temperatures, the seedlings showed high survivability. It amounted 82% on industriogeneous desert (testing ground C) and 90-95% on forest testing grounds (A and B). Maples stood out among other trees with proper development and condition. The highest seedlings, especially mountain ash, birch and European red elder already in August had burnt top shoots and numerous necroses on leaves. Introduction of plants – hyperaccumulators of heavy metals, especially on industriogeneous desert will influence positively on condition and development of seedlings in future vegetative seasons.
Airborne coal dust hazard at the workplaces in hard coal processing plants in Poland is presented. The methods for dust control in coal processing plants are discussed. The results from testing the dust control efficiency at the workplaces are given. The test results of airborne dust concentration are analysed as well as advantages and disadvantages of used technical measures are indicated.