Elena Dück and Robin Lucke
After the November 2015 terror attacks in Paris, the French government reacted swiftly by declaring a state of emergency. This state of emergency remained in place for over two years before it was ended in November 2017, only after being replaced by the new anti-terror legislation. The attacks as well as the government’s reactions evoked parallels to 9/11 and its aftermath. This is a puzzling observation when taking into consideration that the Bush administration’s reactions have been criticized harshly and that the US ‘War on Terror’ (WoT) was initially considered a serious failure in France. We can assume that this adaption of the discourse and practices stems from a successful establishment of the WoT macro-securitization. By using Securitization Theory, we outline the development of this macro-securitization by comparing its current manifestation in France against the backdrop of its origins in the US after 9/11. We analysed securitizing moves in the discourses, as well as domestic and international emergency measure policies. We find extensive similarities with view of both; yet there are diff ering degrees of securitizing terrorism and the institutionalisation of the WoT in the two states. This suggests that the WoT narrative is still dominant internationally to frame the risk of terrorism as an existential threat, thus enabling repressive actions and the obstruction of a meaningful debate about the underlying problems causing terrorism in the first place.
The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristics of organizational self-assessment and its practical use in everyday life. The material presented discusses the process of performance measurement based on examples from the automotive industry. Focus was placed on the model requirements of the Polish Quality Award (PNJ), after the assessment results present the values in each area of the criteria, their potentials for improvement and examples of corrective actions are indicated. The examples contain solutions in the area of communication improvements and employee suggestion programs.
Multisided, digital platforms attract considerable attention in business and academic circles. Seven out of the ten most valuable companies in the world derive much of their value from multisided platforms. The problem of defining and measuring value remains a major challenge in management literature. In this paper I analyze the relationship between the sales (revenue) and market capitalization of companies with digital platform business models. Data was used from a sample of 19 companies that used platform business models in 2017. To assess the correlation, Pearson correlation coefficient was applied. The results indicate that there was a significant positive relationship between revenue and market capitalization in 2017. This suggests that revenue may be used as the main variable in the valuation of companies using platform business models. The results point to future research problems that may be addressed using casebased methodology.
Every organizational change is considered a big challenge. Even having assured enough of the resources needed to drive the change successfully, there is also the necessity to choose the people who would be able to properly lead the change. Organizational network analysis provides some techniques and methods that help in visualizing the informal organizational structure. In the following paper some of these will be presented with the emphasis on showing the potentially key persons for the change that is planned to be developed. In the presented case study one large company was examined. The aim of the article is to analyse the problem of choosing the right people to drive change. In order to select potential change leaders there is an algorithm proposed which takes into consideration two aspects. Namely, the intensity of the archetypical leadership value of the actor, and the actor’s position in the informal network. The results confirm that a relatively small group of change leaders can directly reach the majority of employees, which is one of the crucial factors for the change to succeed. The visualizations used in the study can shorten the time needed to find the right people to drive the change, and also reduce the probability of wrong guesses provided by the intuition.
IBOR manipulation imposed new benchmark regulations that forced the market to enter a path of the reform of the existing financial indices and the creation of new ones. The paper describes the evolution of two IBOR panels: one representing a global financial benchmark LIBOR, and the other representing a local PLN benchmark, WIBOR. The paper provides a quantitative analysis of partial quotes of IBOR panellists and suggests that economic integrity measures should be introduced for IBOR panels. The aim of the research is to define a set of tools that provide information regarding the efficiency of the process of the production of the interest rate benchmark. The research is supplemented with a behavioural analysis of the banks’ decision-making process that interferes the contribution of IBOR data. The integrity measures can help market users and financial authorities in evaluating the quality of current and past panels and identifying behavioural factors impacting on partial quotes of the contributing banks.
Patrick Idode and Gbenga Sanusi
This study examines the effects of financial globalisation on the Nigerian economy using data from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics reports from 1992 to 2017. Using both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses, the study reveals that financial globalisation has helped to mobilise foreign direct investment into the economy and the significant positive effect of personal remittances on per capita income of Nigerians. Therefore it recommends that favourable policies to attract and retain FDI and personal remittances from developed nations should be encouraged and African governments and economic actors should consider all stakeholders’ interests, and ensure that an international financial and trade system is “fair and reciprocal” to eliminate the persisting trends in abject poverty, predatory trade policies and the escalation of economic inequalities in Africa.