The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the absurdity of the Marxist-Leninist-Stalinist means of re-education, which left a deep imprint on the history of Romanians by condemning not only the physical but also the spiritual death of the people. In this paper I have highlighted how the process of re-education took place in many circumstances. The class of intellectuality was the one that suffered the most as a result of these events, which can also be noticed in the case of the characters Axente Creangă and Leonte Pătrașcu from "Luntrea lui Caron". Using terror as an instrument of governance, censorship, propaganda and raising their ideology to the rank of universal principle, the Bolsheviks succeeded by the absurdity of the methods to massacre the population.
The paper proposes a comparative analysis at a formal and compositional level of a series of aphorisms and similar or complementary proverbs. Of the volumes of aphorisms: Discobolus, Stones for my Temple, The Ardor of the Island, Hourglass of the Sand, From the Spirit of the Heresy, the first two are the object of study of this work
The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon the ways the same animals depicted in Lucian Blaga’s poetry and Vasile Voiculescu’s respectively are shaped based on comparison. On the one hand, the animals in Blaga’s works get a metaphorical pattern, while, on the other hand, those in Voiculescu’s poetry keep the ordinary meaning. While in Voiculescu’s case animals are part of the traditional setting, Blaga gives them symbolic and transcendental meanings.
The starting point of my study is represented by two works, Grădina de sticlă(Tatiana Țîbuleac) and Un singur cer deasupra tuturor (Ruxandra Cesereanu). These are two novels that organize their narrative discourse following the relation trauma-memory-identity. In fact, Tatiana Țîbuleac and Ruxandra Cesereanu emphasize in their proses how can a social identity be recreated, when everybody feels the terror enforced by the authority. In this case, when you lose everything, you become vulnerable and this feeling causes the alienation, the break. Therefore, in this paper, we will show how the memory reopens the dialogue with the past, more exactly with a traumatic past. We will illustrate also the fact that in the process of remembering the space changes the identitary their attributes.
In October 2013, Xí Jìnpíng presented not only an ambitious infrastructure project but a strategic initiative that promoted connections in many regards: the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). One intended strategic value of this initiative is the improvement of relations between China and its neigh-bours as well as the improvement of dialogue among different civilizations. Emphasis is placed on the importance of the shared historical cultural heritage of the involved ethnic groups, while the idea of a ‘harmonious society’ is promoted at the same time. The aim of this article is to shed light on how China expands its soft power through civilizational connections along the Sino-Mongolian-Russian Economic Corridor by referring to the Silk Road Academic Belt. This article is based on ethnographic field research in Hénán Mongol Autonomous County in the Sino-Tibetan borderlands of Qīnghǎi Province during an international conference titled “Historical and Cultural Links between Mongolia and Tibet,” held in July 2017.1
We often see contradictions in the works of a philosopher, these contradictions also appeared in Lucian Blaga’s epistemological system. This paper seeks to shed light on the cause of their appearance, to prove that they were not merely a mistake or an inconsistency on Blaga’s behalf, but the logical conclusion of the evolution of his epistemological system. A system cloaked in metaphor that was forced in the later stages to shed its poetic guise.
In the last decade, discourses of non-conforming masculinities have become increasingly prominent in Japanese mass media. In particular, the so-called “herbivore men” have been made infamous by Japanese newspapers and were accused of being responsible for sinking birth rates and economic stagnation in Japan (Schad-Seifert 2016). In this article, I explore the discourse on the “herbivore men” in Japanese love advice books which are meant to guide and inform the (female) reader’s assessment of potential romantic partners. Utilising Siegfried Jäger’s methodological approach (2015), this discursive analysis focuses on the line of discourse that implicitly criticises the “herbivore men” and rejects their turn away from hegemonic images of masculinity. The analysis yields that the “herbivore man” is constructed as an ‘unnatural’ form of masculinity in these publications, which allegedly causes women to become sexually active and career-driven “carnivores.” Japanese women’s empowerment from hegemonic gender ideals is thereby misrepresented as a symptom of psychological distress due to changing masculinities. By perpetuating ideas of biological determinism linked to the backlash against the “gender-free” movement in the early 2000s, this line of discourse propagates problematic relations of gender and power in Japanese society.
West Kerry storyteller Seán Mac Criomhthain (1873-1955) was born almost a quarter-century after the Great Irish Famine. Nevertheless, his upbringing occurred in a context which included both overt and covert references to the kinds of sectarian divisions which initially had contributed to the famine, and which later were entrenched by it. Sectarian division in the Irish context expressed itself primarily via denominational attachment, and to a lesser extent, along linguistic lines. Such divisions were explored across the country through traditional lore and through song; and in the specific repertoire of Seán Mac Criomhthain, through the medium of a mellifluous ‘brand’ of Munster Irish for which the Corca Dhuibhne peninsula has since become renowned. This article attempts to describe attitudes to sectarian division in the evidence of Mac Criomhthain’s repertoire. With extensive reference to a composition translated for the first time to English, it will be argued that concerns of immediate social pragmatism are afforded much greater importance than those of denominational or linguistic attachments.
This article describes the similarities and differences of Japanese and South Korean technical cooperation approaches in Guatemala. The literature review illustrates the transition from an initially donor-centric results chain approach towards one that is increasingly recipient-balanced due to new cooperation principles such as horizontality and demand-drivenness. Such approaches are mainly fostered by the rise of new emerging donors on the international development cooperation horizon, such as the advocates of South-South Development Cooperation (SSDC).
An analysis based on a framework by the Network of Southern Think Tanks (NeST) concludes that Japanese and Korean technical cooperation approaches are markedly similar, most notably in regard to officially proclaimed technical cooperation standards and commitments. Differences result from the degree of related implementation: Japan achieves higher results based on relative deficiencies in reporting by Korea as well as comparatively shorter bilateral Korean-Guatemalan relations. Similarities are fostered by analogous institutional and project related structures, stemming from an argued learning and simulation approach by Korea from the long-standing experiences of Japan. Lastly, it is argued that the growing assimilation of the traditional and the SSDC concept, as well as the increasing engagement of both countries in triangular cooperation contribute to the identified similarities.
In this article we discuss the avant-garde phenomenon, emphasizing that it promotes thinking without prejudice or limits, in which the writer can explore completely new horizons of creativity. Both Virgil Mazilescu's poems and Nora Iuga's poems (both under the oneiric mantle), illustrate the idea of freedom in terms of poetic thinking and poetry, despite the political and literary context in which they were.