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Abstract

In this paper, the Incomplete Global GMERR algorithm and the Global GMERR algorithm are used to solve the Sylvester equation. The numerical experiment is given to compare the CPU run time and the number of iterations of the two methods.

Abstract

In the classical Lotka-Volterra population models, the interacting species affect each other's growth rate. We propose an alternative model, in which the species affect each other through the limitation coefficients, rather then through the growth rates. This appears to be more realistic: the presence of foxes is not likely to diminish the fertility of rabbits, but will contribute to limiting rabbit's population. Both the cases of predation and of competition are considered, as well as competition in case of periodic coefficients. Our model becomes linear when one switches to the reciprocals of the variables. In another direction we use a similar idea to derive a multiplicity result for a class of periodic equations.

Abstract

This paper studies a land primary development project in Pinggu District as an example for analysis since the complete survey data and adequate data analysis are not available on the assessment of social impact from primary development projects of land. In this paper, we carry out regression analysis based on statistical analysis of survey data, explore the attitudes of stakeholders towards development projects, and find out the main factors and risk problems. Finally, the required policy changes based on the analysis are recommended and put forward to provide reference for impact assessment of social stability.

Abstract

The concept of inequalities in time scales has attracted the attention of mathematicians for a quarter century. And these studies have inspired the solution of many problems in the branches of physics, biology, mechanics and economics etc. In this article, new principles of non-linear integral inequalities are presented in time scales via diamond-α dynamic integral and the nabla integral.

Abstract

The F-index is the whole of 3D squares of vertex degrees in a chart G. It as of late turned into the subject of a few investigates because of its extraordinary capability of uses. The point of this paper is to register the F-record of triangular prickly plant chain, square desert flora chains, 6-sided cactus restraints and polyomino restraints. In addition, we decided the extremal chains in the desert plant chains and polyomino fastens as for the F-index.

Abstract

In this study, we introduce the relationship between the Tutte polynomials and dichromatic polynomials of (2,n)-torus knots. For this aim, firstly we obtain the signed graph of a (2,n)-torus knot, marked with {+} signs, via the regular diagram of its. Whereupon, we compute the Tutte polynomial for this graph and find a generalization through these calculations. Finally we obtain dichromatic polynomial lying under the unmarked states of the signed graph of the (2,n)-torus knots by the generalization.

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to obtain different types of hyperbolic type solutions of the (2+1)-Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur (AKNS) equation. In order to construction exact solutions of AKNS equation, (1/G′)-expansion method is successfully applied. At the end of this application, singular soliton wave with considerable importance for the shock wave structure and asymptotic behavior employees have emerged. By giving arbitrary values to the constants in the solutions obtained, 3D, 2D and contour graphics are presented. The method used in this article can be used in other nonlinear differential equations (NPDEs) as it is reliable, easy and effective. Ready package programs are used to solve complex and difficult processes in this study.

Abstract

In this study, we give basic definitions and notions about Sheffer stroke operation and Sheffer stroke basic algebra. After presenting Sheffer stroke basic algebra on a given interval, named interval Sheffer stroke basic algebra, we give some features of an interval Sheffer stroke basic algebra. Then we investigate solutions to the set-theoretical Yang-Baxter equation in this algebraic structure by using its features.

Abstract

In this paper, we give an explicit form of the scalar curvaure for the limiting case of the eigenvalue of the hypersurface Dirac operator which arises in the positive mass theorem for black holes. Then, we show that the hypersurface is an Einstein.