In recent years, the integration of human-robot interaction with speech recognition has gained a lot of pace in the manufacturing industries. Conventional methods to control the robots include semi-autonomous, fully-autonomous, and wired methods. Operating through a teaching pendant or a joystick is easy to implement but is not effective when the robot is deployed to perform complex repetitive tasks. Speech and touch are natural ways of communicating for humans and speech recognition, being the best option, is a heavily researched technology. In this study, we aim at developing a stable and robust speech recognition system to allow humans to communicate with machines (robotic-arm) in a seamless manner. This paper investigates the potential of the linear predictive coding technique to develop a stable and robust HMM-based phoneme speech recognition system for applications in robotics. Our system is divided into three segments: a microphone array, a voice module, and a robotic arm with three degrees of freedom (DOF). To validate our approach, we performed experiments with simple and complex sentences for various robotic activities such as manipulating a cube and pick and place tasks. Moreover, we also analyzed the test results to rectify problems including accuracy and recognition score.
This article presents the results of an analysis of the economic viability of using an installation for the treatment of grey water. Economic indicators in the form of simple payback time (SPBT) and net present value (NPV) were used in the analysis. The use of a dual water supply system should theoretically enable the reduction of the costs of both water supply and sewage disposal, ensuring investment profitability. The article presents the impact of the number of residents as well as the impact of water and sewage on the profitability of using example water-recovery systems. It was found that both factors have a huge impact on the result of the economic analysis. For a small number of residents and at a low price of water supply and sewage disposal, it is not profitable to invest in a water-recovery system. This is due to the high price of purification devices.
This article presents the results of testing the sound pressure level and sound power level of the experimental 3PW-KPF1-24-40-2-776 high-pressure gear pump. Acoustic tests were conducted in an reverberation chamber. The results of the acoustic power tests indicate good acoustic parameters of the tested high-pressure unit.
This paper summarises the results of motion analysis of a platform mechanism with a monolith design. A four-link planar mechanism was engineered in which the platform positioning is effected via one passive link and two eccentric links actuated by stepper motors. The prototype of the device was fabricated following a computation procedure based on the classical mechanism and machine theory and FEM calculations. Testing performed on the model and on the real device revealed the presence of two points on the platform for which the resultant of two independent perpendicular displacements implemented by two stages can be obtained for small values of angular displacement.
This paper presents changes observed in the green areas in the city of Sopot. Analyses of Sopot archival materials, both cartographic and graphic, provided grounds for an assessment of changes and transformations in that respect starting from the 19th century. These analyses covered all the spa town protection zones A, B and C. This study also focuses on the aspect related with the primary function served by the spa town within the city. The city was also investigated in terms of the considerable cultural value frequently associated with green areas, since Sopot is an architectural gem of historical value. The analysis empasised the positive effect of green areas on the health resort character of the city. Green areas in the spa town of Sopot were analysed applying the comparative method. For this purpose maps and city maps were investigated. Additionally, the study is also based on archival graphic materials collected from the dawnysopot.pl website, as well as recent field studies (Świeczkowska, 2017).
Authors present a short review of selected natural-origin zeolite materials. This article discusses the structure, classification and ability to modify natural zeolites, along with examples of their potential applications as adsorbents or catalysts.
European cities are centuries-old connections of social and cultural interrelations in which the history and heritage of generations have formed a specific model of collective life and culture. The nature, prestige and signs of urban life in these cities are best indicated by their public spaces and their structure and inclusion in the urban tissue. Being presentable areas as well as places of social intercourse and activity, public spaces form multipurpose areas which establishe the city’s cultural landscape. Simultaneously, the game for urban areas in the city and related economic interests, and market all activities promoting the city’s image and interfering with the city’s structure, pose a threat to the sensible development of the most valuable parts of the urban space. Globalisation processes contribute to the unification and standardisation of any forms of life, including space. The need for maintaining the continuity of urban tissue requires that its historical traces be cultivated. In this context, the contemporary role of the Old Canal area for downtown Bydgoszcz and its influence on the development of the city’s cultural landscape are part of the current strategies for the culture-forming regeneration of urban space.